SUSSEX MOTHER A nineteenth century dessert apple, described by Hogg in 1884, and still found growing in Sussex, especially around Heathfield. The green apples are conical and angular, become yellow, sometimes with a flush, sprinkled with russet dots. It ripens in early September, and has soft flesh with a sweet, spicy taste. Trees have a spreading habit.

Pollination Group 4

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

SWEET COPPIN An old Devon cider apple, also favoured in Somerset. It is thought to date back to the early 18th century and was notably popular in the Exeter area. It is a ‘Sweet’ in cider terms, making a very gentle cider. The apples are medium to large with green skin, becoming golden, with occasional flushes and dark red spots, ripe towards the end of October and can be stored into the New Year. The flesh is very sweet and juicy, and only mildly tannic, which does not interfere with it being an enjoyable dessert apple. The trees bear prolifically and the fruit is quite pretty. Middle flowering. Very dark buds contrasting with very pale flowers. Pollination Group 4

 

SWEET LADING First recorded in the London Horticultural Society collection catalogue of 1826, it was described as a cider variety in the 1842 catalogue. Hogg (1884) said it was used for cooking and cider, though probably best for cider. At the Apple and Pear conference in 1934 it was considered a culinary apple. In the South, in most years, we have found it to be a very good eating apple, with a rich, juicy and very sweet flavour. It was said to be common in East Sussex and Kent. Medium sized fruit, roundish, and with some ribs around the crown. The skin is green-yellow in the shade, but ripening to bright yellow, with a few broken streaks of crimson in the sun. There are traces of thin cinnamon russet. Ripe in November.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

SWEET WILLIAM An Irish Apple, recorded by Lamb, the famous Irish pomologist, in 1897. It was said to be a second early season medium sized, round apple with creamy yellow skin and red stripes and stippling. The flesh is crisp, very white, very sweet and the tree has an upright growth. That is exactly what we have discovered from the tree grown from scions sent in 2003 by Nick Botner from Oregon, under the name Sweet Williams. It is a very pretty apple, quite delicious, rich, sweet, juicy and very crisp. A rare quality for an apple ripe as early as August and which will keep, albeit going a little tough, with its sweetness and flavour intact until the end of November. It has not been encountered for many decades and the Irish will be pleased to have such an important apple back.

Pollination Group 3

 

SYKEHOUSE RUSSET First described in 1818. Originally from Sykehouse in Yorkshire, though locally it was believed to have been bred from a Portuguese apple planted at Pontefract. Small golden apples, sometimes with patches and streaks of red, with some russet, and crisp, juicy, yellow flesh, sweetly flavoured. A late dessert apple, storing until February. Good crops.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

T. ROY SPARKES Scions were given to us by Canon Donald Johnson, who learned of this tree from T. Roy Sparkes, an aged gentleman who sent him wood in 1992. He lived at Weeke, Winchester, Hampshire and said this old tree was in an area where there had once been a farm and old trees, before houses were built all around. Mr Sparkes said the tree now dropped its apples on the pavement around the homes. It was said to be like Miller’s Seedling, early, sweet, juicy and not keeping, but we have found it to be middle to late season and larger. It is a pretty apple with green skin, becoming pale yellow, beautifully marked with broken stripes of crimson. The flesh is sweet, crisp and juicy with a refreshing flavour. Ripe in late September and lasting in good condition for a month. Spur bearing. Rich rose pink petals. *

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

TARNSIDE RED Mr Gibson had an old orchard at Tarnside, between Windermere and Kendal, Westmorland. His orchard included the ‘missing’ Fallbarrow Favourite. When Hilary Wilson of Appleby-in-Westmorland visited, she found that an old tree had blown down and that Mr Gibson had chopped it up for firewood. He said that it was an anonymous good red eating apple. Hilary Wilson found a pile of twigs and took some, which were still green and vital, saving the tree from extinction. She sent some wood to us, several years ago, now. It was well worth the saving since it is very colourful, mostly covered in bright red, and is a very good dessert apple. Medium sized, crisp, juicy and with a fine flavour, it does not appear to be any known named variety that we can match it with, and it also defies naming in the North-West. We have therefore, jointly with Hilary and the South Lakes Orchard Group, named it Tarnside Red. Mid to late season and spur bearing. *

Pollination Group 5

 

TAYLOR’S FAVOURITE A good old apple found by Hilary Wilson in an orchard in the Lyth Valley, Westmorland. The orchard contains several interesting old and mostly anonymous varieties. It is owned by Desmond Holmes whose family settled at Whitebeck in 1747, and still sold fruit to the market until the 1960s. This apple is curious because it is an excellent, sweet and rich dessert apple but a little too large for the mouth. The firm but yielding texture is also more like a culinary apple. When cooked it softens but keeps its shape completely, developing a rich tangy flavour, with no need for sugar. Ripe at the end of September in the South. Late into leaf. *

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

TAYNTON CODLIN A triple purpose, medium to large, conical apple with straw yellow skin, sometimes netted with russet and sometimes with a rosy blush. It was found at Griffin’s Farm, Tibberton, Gloucestershire, before 1954, and is common in Taynton. It is also known locally as Cow Apple. A late season, sharp, culinary apple, lasting to the end of the year. The flesh is firm and fairly dry. It keeps its shape and would be useful for mincemeat and preserves.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TEIGN HARVEY An old Devon cider apple which appears to have disappeared from history without ever leaving a reference. We came across the name in the USDA Plant Genetic Resources Unit at Geneva, New York, the name suggesting a cider apple from the Teign valley in Devon, though there was no historic record of its existence. Some research revealed that there used to be a Teign-Harvey Farm in Stoke-in-Teign-Head, close to the coast, just south of the Teign estuary. Norman Howard, an 80 year old retired farmer of the area, knew the farm and reported that little of it remains. While he believes there are no cider trees there now, he recalls cider growing in the area between Shaldon and Combe Cellars from his youth. He also recalls visiting a farm in Totnes, where the farmer spoke of Teign Harvey apples. Usda received the variety from England in 1949, and we received it back in 2005. The new trees have now fruited and it is undoubtedly a cider apple. It seems a free spur bearer and fruits young and abundantly. The small to medium sized apples are flat, round and obscurely ribbed. The skin is a waxy yellow with only traces of russet lines near the stem and eye. The skin develops a warm blush in the sun. The flesh is hard, not that juicy, moderately tannic and sharp, with some sweetness. Very dark buds.**

Pollination Group 5

 

TEN COMMANDMENTS So-called because when halved, transversely, the fruit displays ten carpel threads, and a core stained red. A small to medium sized, mid season apple, the skin heavily streaked with red and with sweet, spicy flesh. A dessert apple that is also used for cider. Still grown in Herefordshire.

Pollination Group 4