STURMER PIPPIN Raised by a nurseryman called Ezekiel Dillstone in Sturmer, near Haverhill, Essex, about 1800. A cross between Ribston Pippin and Nonpareil, introduced in 1831. Dillstone's grandson took scion wood when he emigrated to Australia. The dessert fruit has very firm flesh, usually juicy, and with a strong, rich taste. It likes a warm summer to develop a full flavour. Its preference for warm summers and its good storing qualities make it a favourite in Australia and New Zealand, and for export from there. It may be picked as late as November, and stored until April. It is high in vitamin C because of its Ribston parent.

Pollination Group 3

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

SUGAR LOAF Scions of this old tree were sent to us by Hilary Wilson of Appleby-in-Westmorland, many years ago. She learned of the tree from of Jim Armstrong, a retired agriculturalist, from near Carlisle, who was also the owner of the rediscovered Harvest Lemon. After many years of not fruiting well, 2015 saw very good quality apples and it is a fine cooking apple, sweet and mild enough to eat raw. Cooked, it keeps all its shape, becomes sweeter and with a strong rich flavour, not so sharp as to need sugar. The cut apples hardly discolour, so apples can be part used and stored. Ripe in mid September, but not keeping more than a few weeks. Pollination Group 6

 

 

SUGAR LOAF PIPPIN An old variety, ‘lost’ in Britain and the subject of some detective work to re-discover it. It was originally named Dolgoi Squoznoi and also called Dymond’s Sugar Loaf and Hutching’s Seedling. Hutchings was a market gardener in Kensington at the start of 19th century. He may have introduced it from its home in St. Petersburg, Russia. It was in the first catalogue of fruits at the London Horticultural Society’s garden at Chiswick, Middlesex, in 1826. Dolgoi means long, Squoznoi means transparent, amply describing the apple. A culinary and eating apple, ripe in August, that doesn’t keep. The apples are ovate-oblong, tapering to the eye. The skin is light yellow with greenish dots, and on the sunny side becoming nearly white when ripe. The flesh is juicy and crisp with “a most agreeable lively, sweetish sub-acid flavour.” Although all the historic writers acknowledge it is sweetish, they all classify it as culinary, the sweetness and uncooked flavour not being sufficient to consider it a dessert apple, despite its name. In fact, if caught just right, it is most delicious to eat. We found and retrieved versions from both Belgium and Tasmania and they are identical, in fruit, blossom and flowering times. The apples can be variable, sometimes with a swelling at the base of the stem, which is not recorded in historic descriptions. Sometimes, and in some soils, they can also develop a red blush. We are now certain it is true to name. Our thanks to all concerned for their help. Free flowering with pale pink blossom.*

Pollination Group 4

 

 

SUGAR PIPPIN A dessert apple exhibited by Wheeler Nurseries of Gloucester, at the 1883 National Apple Congress, where it was reported to be a middle season apple. We find it to be late season, only ripe in October, and then lasting until the year end. It is a very sweet apple, crisp and juicy when first ripe. Rich pink blossom.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUMMER GOLDEN PIPPIN A small dessert apple with shining golden skin, streaked orange-red and crisp, juicy, sweet flesh. Very popular in the nineteenth century. Pretty blossom, and once widely grown in pots, due to its modest vigour. Good Crops. An early apple, ready in August, but it does not store.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

SUMMER PEARMAIN One of the oldest English apples, at least dating back to Gerard’s Herbal (1596) and believed ‘lost’. It was last recorded at an exhibition in 1883. Trawling through foreign collections, we found it at the Grove Research Station in Tasmania, and have now grafted new trees from scionwood kindly sent by them. It is not the same as Autumn Pearmain, which has been assumed the same for well over a century. Parkinson says “The summer pearemaine is of equall goodnesse with the former (Great Pearemaine), or rather a little more pleasing, especially for the time of its eating, which will not bee so long lasting, but is spent and gone when the other beginneth to be good to eate.” Forsyth (1810) says “This Apple is striped with red next the sun; the flesh is soft, but soon turns mealy; so that it is not much esteemed. It is in eating in August and September.” Other early writers have made it a summer apple. It is said by Lindley (1831) to be an oblong, middle sized fruit of bright gold, sprinkled all over with tiny brown dots, marbled and streaked with orange on the sunny side. The flesh is pale yellow, firm, rich and very aromatic. He also says that it is in eating from October to Christmas, but sometimes ready in September, which does not accord with Parkinson and Forsyth. Hogg makes Autumn Pearmain a synonym of Summer Pearmain, makes it a keeping autumn apple too and calls it an excellent dual purpose apple, with trees vigorous and upright. It is likely that Lindley and Hogg were describing another apple, Autumn Pearmain. The Tasmanian accession appears to be the original Summer Pearmain. In 2007 we met Mr Martin Stevens of Holmer Green in Buckinghamshire, now in his 90s and the fourth generation to be closely involved with local orchards. He still maintains some unique old trees. He clearly remembers Summer Pearmain from his youth as being a summer, not autumn, apple. **

Pollination Group 4

 

SUMMER QUEEN More than one Summer Queen has been known and it is difficult to track whether the oldest is English or American. We have received scions of this from America and it appears to be the same described by Coxe in 1817 in America. Yet it was listed as being in Southampton in 1818, by Page, and was in the London Horticultural Society collection in 1826. It also seems to be the one described by Scott in Somerset, in 1872. A very pretty and refreshing, medium sized apple, ripe in September and lasting to the end of November. Sweet, juicy and crisp, with a good flavour. One of the most handsome apples we know.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUMMER STRAWBERRY There are four different apples with this name recorded in the literature and listed in the National Apple Register (1971). All are now believed to be extinct in Britain, none having been recorded since the 19th century. We discovered it in Tasmania, at the Grove Research Station collection of Heritage Apples and having received scionwood, the first trees were grafted in 2005, for reintroduction. Having fruited, it accords closely with Summer Strawberry 1 of the national apple register and that in the Herefordshire Pomona which ascribes it to Lancashire and northern areas. It is an early August to September dessert apple and doesn’t keep well, without growing dry and mealy. The fruit is sweet, juicy, tangy and with a pleasant flavour. The skin is yellow, largely covered with blood red streaks, more faint in the shade. The origin is unknown but the earliest reference is 1831. **

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

SUNSET Raised at Ightham in Kent in 1918. One of the many varieties raised from Cox's Pippin, and with a similar flavour. It is more reliable to grow, though not particularly vigorous. The flesh is firm rather than crisp but juicy and with a very rich flavour. Fruit is small to medium sized, heavily flushed with red and orange and ripe in September. The trees have dark buds, contrasting with pale blossom, and crop well. Stores until December.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUNTAN An apple raised in 1956 by H.M. Tydeman or in 1955 by Dr Alston, both at East Malling Research Station, Kent. It was said to be a cross between two very traditional varieties, Cox's Pippin and Court Pendu Plat. Attractive appearance, with bright orange-red skin, streaked with red and with russet patches. The apples are crisp, sweet and aromatic, but with fruity acidity, especially after a month or so in storage. Vigorous, hardy trees, which are late flowering, so good for cold areas. Stores until late winter. T.

Pollination Group 6