SCARLET CROFTON One of several old apples called Crofton, assumed Irish, but possibly English. The name comes from the English ‘Crofton’ family, though there is uncertainty over which member it was named after. The first proper record of Scarlet Crofton came in the 1600s, through its synonym Longford Pearmain, Longford House being owned by the Croftons, in Ireland. It was sent to The London Horticultural Society in 1819 by nurseryman John Robertson of Kilkenny and was in the first catalogue of the LHS in 1826. The medium sized apples are round, slightly ribbed, flattish and with skin of yellow, flushed with bright red and striped. The apples are crisp, juicy and full-flavoured, are ripe in September and will last to the end of the year without going mealy. Hogg said it was tasty and Scott said it was top quality. Pollination Group 4

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

SCARLET NONPAREIL A seedling from Nonpareil (see entry above) which was discovered in the garden of an inn at Esher, Surrey in 1773. It is similar in most respects to Nonpareil, but fruits earlier and the skin has an attractive red flush. It was a popular dessert apple throughout the 19th century. Good crops.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

SCOTCH BRIDGET First recorded in 1851, this is a Scottish culinary apple, but also a good eating apple in the South. It is widely grown in Northumberland, Yorkshire, Lancashire, Westmorland and Cumberland. A middle/late season, medium sized apple, ripe in October and storing until the year end. Apples are roundish, broad at the base, narrowing at the apex, where ribs end in a knobbed eye cavity. The skin is greenish yellow, with brownish or bright red patches, almost totally covering the surface towards the sun. The flesh is white, soft and juicy, sweet with a lemon flavour and when cooked it keeps its shape developing a fine flavour, sweet and rich, but not tangy. It has striking, striped blossom. T*.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

SCOTCH DUMPLING An old, favoured Scottish cooking apple, which entered the National Fruit Trials in 1949, though it is much older. It probably originated in the Clydesdale area. A middle season apple in milder areas, it can be used as early as August and will store to November. A medium to large apple, varying from oval to truncate conic, and broadly ribbed. The pale green skin turns yellow and often develops a pinkish red flush. The flesh is fine and acid, cooking to a froth. Trees have deep buds and attractive blossom.

Pollination Group 2

 

 

 

 

SERGEANT PEGGY Raised by F.W. Wastie of Eynsham, Oxfordshire in 1922 by crossing Blenheim Orange and Gloria Mundi. It was named by his son, J.F. Wastie, after his own wife. The culinary apple is large, lightly ribbed, slightly conic, sometimes flat, greenish yellow and mostly striped with light crimson. The flesh is firm, creamy white, subacid and has a pleasing mellow flavour when cooked. Ripe in October it will keep to January. Attractive dark pink buds.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 
             

 

SHARLSTON PIPPIN The true Sharlston Pippin, from Sharlston, Nr Wakefield, West Yorkshire. Brief references to it often mis-spell the name as Sharleston or Charleston. Given to us by the Gilmour family who were given a tree by the then head gardener of Cannon Hall, Barnsley, who had a tree growing in his private garden. Mr William N. Gilmour had called to collect a vine cutting for a friend’s fruit collection and, while walking around, the head gardener said (Mr Gilmour reports) ““I bet your friend does not have that apple, that is Sharlston Pippin a true Yorkshire variety from near Wakefield” and without more ado cut off several lengths of scionwood for me”. The head gardener reported that there were still several Sharlston Pippins growing around Wakefield. The apples have pale golden skin, when ripe, and russet dots, with variable light russeting elsewhere. The flesh is firm, juicy and fragrant, with a refreshing taste. Medium sized and middle to late season. A report from John Southall of Wakefield says that his grandfather had a tree in the 1880s, giving the first known date. It remains sweet, crisp and juicy into December, softening somewhat, but still keeping a rich flavour.

Pollination Group 5

 

SHEEP’S NOSE One of several apples with this name and so-called because of the snouty shape of the crown. This one was collected by Hilary Wilson from an old tree in Cumbria and she kindly sent scions to us. The variety is 19th century or earlier. The appearance of the apple is quite striking; large, long and conical, with pronounced ribs and prominent knobs at the flattened eye. The skin is green, netted and patched with warm coloured russet - all redolent of a sheep’s nose. It might once have been a cider apple, being a bit dry, but is also a cooking apple which becomes an eating apple later, as it develops sweetness. The flesh is coarse and pleasantly sharp. It is ripe in late October and stores to December. *

Pollination Group 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHILLING A culinary and dessert apple, known at Dymock, Gloucestershire, in the early 1900s. Medium to large fruit, conical in shape, with pronounced ribbing which ends in an undulating eye basin. Green skin, striped red and with a red cheek. Ripe in mid October, this is a dual purpose apple, which is sweet fairly crisp and juicy, with a mild flavour and when cooked, it keeps its shape and becomes rich and sweet, without too much acid. The apples will keep until the year end. Dark flower buds.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

SHUSTOKE APPLE An old variety and a truly ancient tree. In 2005, a casual enquiry to us from Keith Bostock, farmer of Shustoke, Warwickshire, prompted us to ask him if he had ever heard of, or encountered, the long lost Shustoke Pippin. It was listed in the London Horticultural Society catalogues of 1826- 1842, was listed by Scott in 1872 but was not known to Hogg in 1884. It has not been seen since. All that is known is that it was a medium sized, flat, yellow apple with a red flush, sharp tasting and late season. Shustoke is a small village, with a community of farms, rural and unspoilt, squeezed between the sprawling Birmingham and Coventry. Keith Bostock knew of an old tree on the edge of the former grounds of Shustoke Hall, a large ancient moated house, remote and surrounded by farmland. Very interested in old fruit varieties, he kindly brought us apples, scionwood and photos of the tree. We visited the tree and were hugely impressed. The size, condition and location all point to a very ancient survivor. It is 2 feet wide, hollow, supported only by thin strands of living bark, now short yet still growing and fruiting. The apples are not identifiable as any variety named and known today and match all the brief description of Shustoke Pippin, though we may not assume it is the same. The apples are small to medium, irregular, flattish to oblong, The flesh is coarse, hard and sharp until fully ripe in late October, when it becomes juicy and develops a good flavour, and becomes sweet and rich. Free spurring.*

Pollination Group 4

 

SIDDINGTON RUSSET Discovered in 1923 at the nursery of John Jefferies and Sons at Siddington, Gloucestershire, as a sport of Galloway Pippin. A culinary and dessert apple, medium to large, flattened round, with yellow skin mostly covered with golden russet. The flesh is firm, juicy and pleasantly flavoured. Apples are ripe in October and will store for two months. Dark buds and blossom.

Pollination Group 5