REDSTREAK The most famous cider apple and the foundation of the Herefordshire cider industry under Lord Scudamore’s direction, valued for its single variety cider. Lord Scudamore was ambassador to France of Charles I. He retired to cider making when Cromwell took over. It might have arisen as a wild seedling in the early 1600s, but Knight believed Scudamore planted the seed, so it could be around 1650, when Scudamore almost invented the British cider industry, having collected several French varieties. In 1949 the American national collection received it from Long Ashton, Somerset, and we received scions back and grafted new trees in 2005. It is a small to medium sized apple, yellow skinned but red streaked in the shade and more heavily and darker streaked in the sun. Firm cream flesh, acid and astringent. Ripe in late September. Attractive blossom. ** Pollination Group 6

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

REINETTE CLOCHARD A French, late, dual-purpose apple known since the mid nineteenth century. Firm flesh, with a very rich flavour, which keeps its shape when cooked. When fully ripe and stored it is a sweet and aromatic dessert apple. Pick October and store until February. Good crops. The trees have a good spreading habit. T.

Pollination Group 4

 

REINETTE D'ANGLETERRE English, French, Swiss or Belgian, the only record in England is when it was received by the National Fruit Trials from Switzerland in 1947, though it was known in America in the 19th century as English Reinette, with a synonym of Reinette D’Angleterre. It is obviously an old apple, now forgotten in England. We received scions from the Belgian national collection in 2006. A late season apple, ripe at the end of October when it is powerfully rich, juicy and sweet, with a refreshing acidity. Excepting mild autumns, it will last well to the end of the year. A good apple.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REINETTE DES CARMES A French apple, dating from before 1667, with the name alluding to the Carmelite order of monks, where the origin has been assumed. Nevertheless, it is an apple with a long history in Britain and since it appeared to have been lost here, as the only example at the National Collection was assumed to be the wrong apple, we sought out the genuine example of this superior apple of antiquity. It still exists in European collections, though our scionwood came from the Grove Collection in Tasmania. It is one of those unfortunate apples which has been subject to name change, and has attracted many synonyms, while also appearing as a synonym of several other apples. It is hard to know when it first arrived in Britain but it was in the collection of the London Horticultural Society before 1826. It was also described in Scott’s ‘The Orchardist’ of 1872. It has not had any reliable sightings since. A medium sized apple, ripe quite late in the year (as many other French apples) in November, and lasting until February. It is slightly conical, with obscure ribs, red blushed and streaked over a green skin, turning yellow, often thinly russeted, and with prominent pale spots over the red. The flesh is firm, not so juicy and a little dense, but sweet, very rich and aromatic.

Pollination Group 6

 

REINETTE DORÉE A very old apple, first recorded in the List of la Quintinye in 1680 and first noted in England, when in the collection of the London Horticultural Society in 1842. It was well described by Scott and Hogg. It has not been known in England after the 19th century though still exists in France and Belgium. We received scionwood from Tasmania in 2005. It is a very good apple indeed, bright and colourful. Ripe in mid October, the flesh is crisp and melting, juicy to point of wetness, sweet and gently acid. The flavour is not strong but is very refreshing. It retains its juiciness and flavour to the year end.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

REINETTE DOUCE The only substantial history of this apple comes from Leroy in his ‘Dictionnaire de Pomologie’ of 1873. He records that it dated from before 1765 when it was noted in Normandy and seems to have been used there extensively as a cider sweet. Leroy’s description precisely matches the apple we obtained from the Grove Collection in 2005. A small to medium sized flattened round apple of amber yellow, with russet flecks, extremely sweet, when ripe in October and entirely without acid. The flavour is more caramel than apple. It will last for a month or two before shrinking.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REINETTE DU CANADA A triple purpose apple, which despite its name would seem to be European. First mentioned in Britain in 1771, and grown all over Europe and North America by the early 19th century. Greenish-gold apples with an orange flush and russeting; the flesh is sweet and fruity and keeps its shape when cooked. Strong-growing trees, which have attractive blossom and crop reliably. The fruit is ready to pick in mid October, and stores well until March. The apples can be really quite large if grown in restricted forms. T.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REINETTE FRANCHE Leroy in his ‘Dictionnaire de Pomologie’ of 1873 suggests this apple might date back to the first part of the 16th century, but it must be uncertain. He also delineates 4 different shapes, so there might have been different versions in the accounts of old literature. One of them was in the London Horticultural Society in 1826 and later described by Lindley, Scott and Hogg. Theirs seem to be the same as the one we received from the Conservatoire Botanique, the French national collection, in 2006. A very attractive apple, delicately streaked with pink and red, and ripe in mid September, here. The fine flesh is crunchy and crisp, quite juicy, sweet and rich, with a subtle and very pleasing scented flavour. In our milder autumns it has not lasted as well as it might in normal times, and loses flavour in November. A very good apple.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 
             

 

REINETTE MARBRÉE The ‘Marbled Reinette’ is named from the pretty veining of russet that covers the apple. It was first recorded in 1760 by the Dutch pomologist, Knoop, and was believed to be Dutch, but its history has been confused, having also been assumed the same as several other apples including Embroidered Pippin and Drap D’Or. It was possibly in the 1826 collection of the LHS under one or more synonyms. A late dessert apple, rounded and of dull green, becoming yellow, sometimes flushed with a little red and covered with broken lines and dots of russet. The flesh is firm, sweet, not particularly acid, fragrant and rich. Ripe in October, it will store into the New Year and has also been used for cooking and juicing.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

REINETTE ROUGE ÉTOILÉE Originally Belgian or Dutch, and first described in 1830. A highly coloured, very showy, late dessert apple, with a deep red skin and star-shaped russet freckles - hence the name ‘Étoilée’, or ‘Starred’. The fruit has a delicious raspberry flavour, with juicy, crisp, white flesh which is often streaked with carmine and stained pink beneath the skin. The fruit will store until January. Heavy crops on upright, part tip bearing trees with pretty blossom.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

RENAISSANCE An old, now unknown variety brought to us by Geoff Goodchild of Hughenden Valley, Buckinghamshire, a ‘countryman’ who knows his apples. For many years, a collector of interesting old fruits, he had this from Chalet Nursery at Speen, Buckinghamshire after the nursery disappeared under housing in the 1960s and the origin and original name were never known, by Mr Goodchild. Aware of it being such a superior apple, he sought the name without success, and we have compared it with thousands, without a match. Hence, we have renamed it ‘Renaissance’ in the sense of ‘reborn’. It is medium sized, round and conical to oblong, with skin of pale yellow, when fully ripe, with a pale, carmine to pink flush and a few thin streaks of darker red. The flesh is a near perfect combination of sweetness, crispness, juiciness, acidity and flavour. The apples are so full of juice, it leaps out, when cut. Ripe in October, it will last in good condition for a month or two. We are very grateful to Geoff Goodchild for this apple and other contributions to our work.*

Pollination Group 4