POMME POIRE Probably French in origin, there are at least three different apples with this name and it is difficult to trace any consistent history. The one we have, found in America, is most probably the one that was in the London Horticultural Society collection in 1826. A moderately sized round apple, covered in smooth russet, with small lenticels and red flecks breaking through. It has a very small eye, in no basin. The flesh has an interesting caramel flavour, like some pears and also looking like a round (bergamot shaped) pear. Ripe at the end of October it is very sweet, crumbly, firm not crisp, or particularly juicy but is very rich. The flavour increases in November, but by December the apples shrink and go dry. A very pleasant apple.

Pollination Group 5

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

POOR MAN'S PROFIT Forsyth (1810) says “Poor Man’s Profit is a dingy-coloured oval-shaped Apple, below the middle size. It is raised freely from cuttings; and keeps till January.” A Somerset apple used as a late cooking apple and for cider, but also a good dessert apple in the south. The green/yellow, orange striped apple now known with this name is larger and more colourful than that suggested by Forsyth. Hogg also calls it small, though the one we have is medium sized. Crisp and juicy fruit that keeps its shape when cooked and with a sweet full flavour. It keeps until December. T*. Pollination Group 5

 

PORT WINE KERNEL A Gloucestershire apple, A rich sweet dessert apple, medium sized, conical, with green skin turning yellow, partly flushed and streaked red. Ripe at the end of September the flavour is very rich and floral, but it is let down slightly by the soft texture. It will retain flavour but become softer into November.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PORTER An old American apple, long grown in Britain. Calhoun writes that it was first grown around 1800 by the Rev. Samuel Porter of Sherburne, Massachusetts and that it was atypical for such ‘northern’ apples to retain their fine qualities when grown in the warmer ‘south’. It was a popular commercial fruit in the USA in the middle of the 19th century. He adds that, when cooked, it keeps its shape and retains flavour well, though it is also a dessert apple. Small and large apples ripen together over a two month period. Scott, in 1872, claims to have brought it from America and introduced it through his nursery. He describes it as a small to medium, top quality, September to October fruit, oblong, regular and narrowing towards the eye. The skin is glossy, bright yellow and with a deeper tinge in the sun or a light blush. The flesh is ‘fine grained, and abounding in juice, sprightly, agreeably aromatic, and nicely subacid’. He adds the tree is a free grower and fruits abundantly, ‘and deserves extensive cultivation’.

Pollination Group 6

 

POWELL'S RUSSET A once popular old Somerset apple dating from before 1700, now rare. Taylor reports in "The Apples of England", 1936, that Powell's Russet was a medium sized Somerset dessert apple with green skin and much russet marking on the skin. The apples were said to be round and flattened, the eyes open in a shallow saucer and the stems of medium length in a russeted cavity. This description accords with the tree we have, acquired from Mr and Mrs Tann of Aldham, Essex. Hard and rather sharp when seeming first ripe in October but softening and developing a sweet, rich flavour later.

Pollination Group 4

 
             

 

PRESTWOOD GOLD While exploring old trees in Prestwood, Buckinghamshire, once famous for its extensive cherry orchards, with our local guide, George Lewis, we visited a very old tree in the garden of Lesley Stoner. Mr and Mrs Stoner’s house was built in the 1850s on the edge of the common, in an area of old cherries interspersed with apples, part of which became the garden. The tree seems to be of an age before 1850. Named by Lesley, this large, mid season cooking apple is green becoming golden, with sometimes a warm blush, and breaks down to a very sweet and rich purée. In some years, the fruit can be a very good eating apple, crisp, sweet, rich and tangy. It does not keep beyond the autumn. A very good apple.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRIMROSE PIPPIN An interesting early to mid season apple notified to us by Helen Beale who sent cuttings from a tree owned by Ted and Iris Watts, who later kindly sent us fruit. Their property at Flexford Farm, Lymington, Hampshire was formerly owned by Tess Longman who died in her 80s. Tess used to provide Helen with apples. They were known as Primrose Pippins by Tess Longman. There were once five trees of it and two remain. The unusual numbers suggest it was once a commercial orchard. The small rounded and flat yellow apples, with some russet, are ripe in late August to September and do not keep long, but have a fine, rich flavour.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PRINZENAPFEL A German dessert apple known in the 18th century, and first recorded in England in the London Horticultural Society catalogue of 1826. The L.H.S. catalogue of 1842 described it as medium sized, oblong, pale yellow, flushed red and ripe in October. The National Apple Register of 1971 adds that it is a mid to late season apple, irregularly ribbed on the body from the base to the eye, and has skin of greenish gold with an orange red flush and carmine streaks. There are traces of russet at the base. The flesh is fine, tender, firm, and yellowish-white, with a sweetish subacid flavour. The appearance is both unusual and attractive, and the apple is still popular in Germany and elsewhere in northern Europe.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

PROFIT 1 A classic case of misidentification. At the 2001 Apple Day at Kingston Maurward College, Dorchester, two different visitors brought in anonymous apples which were identified as being the ‘lost’ Profit Apple, by Harry Baker. One was George Tozer of Woodcutts, near Salisbury, the other was Barry Wenham, of the Manor House, Fordingbridge, Hampshire. Neither of their names and contact details were kept at the time, but a television appeal managed to re-locate them. Chris Hunter of Kingston Maurward College sent us scions of both trees shortly after. The only problem is – they are different and neither seems to match the fairly brief historical descriptions. This one is a late season, medium sized eating apple, green turning pale yellow, roundish and lightly ribbed, with crisp juicy rich flesh in early October and keeping into November.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROFIT 2 As with Profit 1, a classic case of misidentification. At the 2001 Apple Day at Kingston Maurward College, Dorchester, two different visitors brought in anonymous apples which were identified as being the ‘lost’ Profit Apple, by Harry Baker. One was George Tozer of Woodcutts, near Salisbury, the other was Barry Wenham, of the Manor House, Fordingbridge, Hampshire. Neither of their names and contact details were kept at the time, but a television appeal managed to re-locate them. Chris Hunter of Kingston Maurward College sent us scions of both trees shortly after. The only problem is – they are different and neither seems to match the fairly brief historical descriptions. Profit 2 is a larger apple than Profit 1 and is more flat than round, with smoother skin, becoming clear yellow sometimes with a warm blush. The skin is tough and, after picking, the apples go a little greasy – both hallmarks of an apple that will store well. They can be eaten raw, and the flavour is sweet and mild, but a little weak. The cooked fruit keeps its shape, has a rich perfumed flavour and has no need for added sugar. It gives up hardly any juice and is ideal for mincemeat, chutneys and open tarts. Ripe in October, the apples store beyond December.*

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PUCKRUPP PIPPIN A late dessert apple, first described in 1872, though possibly a much older apple. The accession in the National Collection is believed to be different to that described in 1872, and has been renamed Puckrupt Pippin. Ours is from the Tann collection. It may have originated in Puckrup, Gloucestershire. An apple with a sweet, citric flavour and firm, deep cream flesh, storing until February.

Pollination Group 4