MONARCH A cooking apple raised by Seabrook’s Nursery in Essex 1888, though not introduced until 1918. (Dumelow’s Seedling x Peasgood’s Nonsuch). Large fruit, with pale yellow skin striped pinkish-red, and very white flesh cooking to a soft purée, needing little sugar. Vigorous trees, with heavy crops. Pick October, store to January.

Pollination Group 4

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

MORGAN'S SWEET Morgan's Sweet is an old, probably 18th century apple, once very popular for dessert in Somerset, Gloucestershire and Devon though it later became important for cider making. The cider is sweet and ready early, so that it can be drunk by Christmas. The apples are large for a cider apple, slightly conical and greenish-yellow in colour. They are ready early in the season, in August, and do not store beyond November. Hogg also describes culinary use. Early to middle flowering, but very late into leaf. Triploid.

Pollination Group 3

 

MOSES TREE Sent to us by the organizers of the Dorchester apple day at Kingston Maurward College, several years ago. It was brought to the apple day by the owners of a very old tree, the variety name of which was uncertain. It was known simply as the Moses Tree, by the family. The fruit now turns out to be of top quality. A dessert apple of small to medium size, slightly oblong and flattened at the ends, with skin of pale yellow green, sometimes with a warm blush and liberally speckled with large pale dots. It has occasional areas of thin netted russet. Spur bearing and ripe in mid-September to end of October, depending on the warmth of the summer, the flesh is firm and fine, juicy, sweet and aromatic, with a rich, complex flavour. Unusually early into leaf.*

Pollination Group 3

 

 

MOTHER Also called American Mother. A middle/late dessert apple thought to have been introduced to England by Thomas Rivers in the 19th century, and originally from Massachusetts. Brightly coloured, longish apples, yellow with a dark red flush and streaks. They are richly sweet, aromatic and juicy, with a hint of cinnamon, firm rather than crisp, and will store until December. Attractive trees, with deep pink blossom. A very good apple.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MYRTLE’S MYSTERY When Hilary Wilson, of Appleby in Westmorland, returned to an old orchard known to her in childhood, in Osbaldwick, near York, where many years before she went scrumping with her brother, she found two interesting old trees. The owners, Mr and Mrs Goodwin, each pointed to a different tree, identifying them as Red Balsam. It turned out that Mr Goodwin was correct and the other apple tree was an unknown, but very good and very colourful dessert apple, defying identification. The late Myrtle Goodwin is commemorated in this apple, now named after her by Hilary Wilson. It is small to medium sized, flattish oblong, ribbed, especially around the eye and with a wide basin. The pale yellow skin is flecked and streaked with carmine and crimson. The flesh is sweet, juicy and crisp with a good flavour. Middle to late season and keeping for a few weeks *

Pollination Group 4

 
             

 

NANCY LEE A mature tree, probably arising as a ‘Wilding’, from a discarded core or an apple dropped from a nearby farm orchard tree, now long gone. It was ‘adopted’ by Dr Alexandra Freeman of Steventon, Oxfordshire, who lived close to it many years ago, outside Blewbury, now in Oxfordshire, but in Berkshire before the 1974 boundary changes. Alexandra has named it Nancy Lee, after her grandmother. She kindly brought us cuttings in 2012 and sent apples later. The tree is very tall and buried within a thicket of hedgerow, on the edge of the ancient Woodway Road that leads out of Blewbury and up into the Berkshire Downs. It is a large conical apple, with a pronounced fleshy lip at the stalk, green with a bit of a blush and a few bright red stripes, and is middle to late season, probably at its best at the end of October, though it will keep longer. It is a good eating apple and also cooks well. Eaten fresh, it is sweet, crisp, fine-fleshed and juicy, with a good flavour. Cooked, it keeps its shape completely but becomes very tender, very rich and sweet with a pleasing mild tang, hinting of quince. It does not discolour, when cut, overnight. We are most grateful to Alex for bringing such a good apple to us.

 

 

 

 

 

 

NANNY First noted in the 1842 catalogue of the London Horticultural Society. Taylor suggests it was raised in Surrey, from a report by Mr J. Cheal of Cheal’s Nursery, though all the earlier references suggest it was a Sussex apple. Hogg said it was from West Sussex and the Hampshire borders, Bunyard said it was not often encountered outside Sussex and Barron records in 1883 that it was exhibited from Midhurst, Sussex. A dessert apple which needs to be eaten at the right moment, before it becomes mealy. Hogg says it is in season in October, but the consensus is that it is best a month earlier. A medium sized fruit, roundish, slightly angular, with skin of green-yellow and broken red streaks in the shade, more fully red with dark crimson streaks in the sun, speckled with russet dots. The flesh is yellow, soft, juicy, and sweet, with a rich flavour. First rate, according to Scott, if gathered before ripe. Barron said it had long been a favourite apple in Sussex. It has also been used as a cider sweet.

Pollination Group 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

NEW ROCK PIPPIN An early nineteenth century dessert apple, raised at Barnwell, near Cambridge and exhibited at the London Horticultural Society in 1821. Medium sized fruit with crisp, richly flavoured, aromatic flesh. The skin is dull green with brown/red colouring. It stores well, so is a useful apple for eating late in the winter. It is often not fully ripe until well into November and is worth the patience.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

NEWTON WONDER There are two stories of the origin. One says it was found by an innkeeper, growing in the thatch of the Hardinge Arms, King's Newton, Derbyshire. Another says it was raised by Mr Taylor of King's Newton, as a cross between Dumelow's Seedling (Wellington) and Blenheim Orange. It was introduced by Pearson & Co around 1887. A late culinary apple which cooks to a creamy purée and makes good baked apples and mincemeat. Large fruits, good for dessert later in the season. Popular in the North as it is very hardy and resistant to disease. It has heavy crops -1,840 pounds of fruit were once recorded from one tree. Stores until March. Attractive, spreading trees.

Pollination Group 4

 

NEWTOWN PIPPIN Also called Albemarle Pippin, it is an American apple, introduced to Britain in 1759. It comes from Long Island, New York, and was much praised all over Europe as well as America, throughout the 19th century, for its rich pineapple flavour. Once widely grown in the southern counties. Crisp and very juicy fruit in October. Part tip-bearing, but not short of spurs, and storing until March.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

NINE SQUARE This large culinary, dessert and cider apple was grown chiefly in Devon, Herefordshire, and the West of England, and was first described in 1824. The National Apple Register records that it was still in existence in 1947, but was thought extinct in modern times until its rediscovery in Somerset by R.J.Maynard. The flesh is firm and sweet and when cooked it keeps its shape, with a good refreshing flavour and no need for sugar. The apples ripen in October and store to the end of the year.

Pollination Group 5