MARRIAGE MAKER A dessert apple dating from at least 1883 and traditional to Rutland and Leicestershire. Attractive fruit, with a deep red flush, often covering the apple. Juicy, sweet, firm flesh with an excellent flavour. A middle season apple that stores until November. Part tip bearing.

Pollination Group 4

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

MARY MORGAN An excellent cooking apple found in the garden of Mary Morgan of South Heath, near Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire. The name has now been lost and has defied identification so far. Her house was built just before the 2nd World War and the tree may have been planted at that time, though it looks older. It has an arching habit. The yellow, pink flushed and flecked apples are medium to large and ripen in October, storing to February or later. The flesh is a little pink under the skin. The apples cook quickly to a froth which has a rich, tangy flavour, hinting at cloves. It does not need much sugar. * Pollination Group 4

 

MAY QUEEN Raised in 1888 by Mr Haywood of Worcester. An excellent and attractive dessert apple, very sweet, fruity and with very crisp, juicy flesh. Ready to pick in October, and stores until April. Heavy crops. It is free spur bearing and its compact growth makes it ideal for restricted forms. It is scab resistant.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

McINDOE'S RUSSET This apple was noted in the National Apple Register of 1971, referring to the Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society as being new in 1895 and late season, but little else. We were aware that the only and last source of this apple was in the Grove Heritage Collection in Tasmania and we received scions from them in 2005. The tree has been slow to give up its secrets and fruit properly but it is indeed a late season russet – and of considerable merit. We speculate that the originator of this apple was the Mr McIndoe who was head gardener to Sir Joseph Pease at Hutton Hall, Guisborough, North Yorkshire, once famous for its Fernery. McIndoe was the first to receive the apple ‘Bismarck’ from New Zealand and he sent samples to Dr Robert Hogg. A uniformly russeted small to medium sized apple, ripe only in November, with greenish flesh, sweet, rich, juicy and tangy. It will keep well, the flavour maturing, with careful storage.
Pollination Group 4

 

 

MEADFOOT WONDER A delicious mid-season dessert apple introduced to us by Mr and Mrs Peter Clarke of Benson, Oxfordshire. Mr Clarke’s grandfather built his house in 1928 within an old mature orchard at the edge of the village, and several old trees remain. This one is possibly 100+ years old. The round, smooth-skinned apples are pale yellow with some russet at the stalk and bright carmine and crimson broken stripes. The flesh is tender, very sweet and crisp, with a rich flavour that is best in September. Apples will keep well into October. The original name is now lost and it has been renamed Meadfoot Wonder after the house name. *

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 
             

 

MELA CARLA A very old Italian apple from the Turin region, the name meaning Apple of Charles. The Latin name for it is Pomum Caroli Magni, again a reference to Charlemagne who approved of it in the 8-9th century. The official first reference to it is in 1817. It is probably the second oldest surviving apple after Decio. A juicy white-fleshed sweet apple which, in good summers or on warm sites develops a rich flavour, scented of roses. Medium sized apples of pale yellow and crimson, ripe in October and storing until January. Showy rich pink blossom.

Pollination Group 2

 

MELON An American apple that arose around 1800 in Ontario County, New York, and which was known in Britain around the mid-19th century and became widely grown in Hertfordshire, Kent and Surrey. The fruit is conical, irregular, with warm yellow skin, striped and flushed with crimson and carmine. Apples are crisp, juicy, sweet and perfumed. Trees are upright and compact. Pick October and store until January.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

MÈRE DE MÉNAGE Flanders Pippin, Queen Emma. A European late culinary apple, possibly Belgian, known from 1780. Very large and impressive fruit, with deep carmine stripes and sweet, but tart, flesh. Once valued for Apple Charlotte as it kept its shape when cooked and turned pink. Ready to pick in late October, and stores until late winter. Part tip bearing. T*.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 
             

 

MILLER'S SEEDLING Raised by Mr Miller, a nurseryman of Newbury, Berkshire, in 1848. An early dessert apple which should be eaten soon after picking. Very decorative fruit, with a creamy skin flushed coral pink, and sweet, crisp, juicy flesh. Heavy crops. Trees fruit when quite young. Free spurring.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MILTON WONDER This important tree was brought to our notice by Sally Koster and her mother Diane, friends of the owner, Mrs Lillian Marlow. It is nationally important for its age, provenance and current stage of growth, as well as for its excellent fruit. It is not a variety whose original name can still be ascertained. Mrs Marlow, now in her 90s, lived at the property all her life, except for four years during the war. Her grandparents bought the old village granary at Milton, Oxfordshire, in 1912, complete with a thatched roundhouse, used by a stonemason. The house dates from the 1700s. Already in the garden and mature, was one particular apple tree. Her grandfather, Mr William Dearlove - a professional gardener - was told by the previous owner that the apple tree was nearly 100 years old in 1912. Assuming it was at least 90 years old then, it would be 190 in 2012. The original Bramley’s Seedling tree is older at perhaps 200 years now, though the time of planting is a little hazy, and the ‘English Greening’ in America (see separate entry in this catalogue) is 186 in 2012. There are no other known trees of this age with a clear provenance. Despite being struck by lightning in the 1960s the tree remains very healthy, though the trunk is split, twisted and hollow. Remarkably, it is nourished by a sinuous, rounded strand of living bark, separate and inside the hollow trunk. It looks like the beginning of regeneration - and a new lease of life. There are many ancient apples of unknown age and our field work suggests they may well live to 250-300 years, quite apart from those which fall, re-root and send up new trunks, which can theoretically live forever. The original Bramley fell and regrew. Milton Wonder is the oldest known domestic apple tree which remains upright. This tree may set some new records in years to come. The tree has impressive white blossom and excellent quality dessert fruit from mid-October, crisp, juicy and rich. It is also good for cooking and stores until June in most years. The matt skin is flushed with dark red, over dark green, with some russet flecks. The apples are medium sized and round with obscure ribs. Following Mrs Marlow's relocation, uncaring planning permission and new building in the garden, the tree is now at extreme risk. *

Pollination Group 4

 

MINSHULL CRAB Not actually a crab apple, though also known as the Lancashire Crab, since it was very popular in the 18th and 19th centuries and grown commercially for the large market towns of the north-west. Forsyth called it a Lancashire apple, common in the Manchester market. It arose in Church Minshull village in Cheshire and the original tree was living in 1777. This large, firm apple is green, flushed red on one side, and cooks to a sharp, stiff purée. Good crops. Also an excellent dessert apple in warm years. T*.

Pollination Group 3