LONGNEY RUSSET A Gloucestershire apple dating from 1796. Said to be a cider sweet and dessert apple, but we find it a poor dessert apple. Medium sized and round to conic, partially or totally covered in russet, sometimes with a red blush. It is very late to ripen and at the end of October it can still be hard, chewy, sharp and bitter - ideal for a late cider apple. It is said to keep to February.

Pollination Group 5

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

LONGSTART First recorded in 1781, Hogg reported in 1884 that it was a favourite of cottage gardens in Lancashire and Westmoreland. A tenant farmer of Witherslack, Daniel Dickinson, recorded taking grafts in his account book of 1820. It has been described as a cooking apple that has also been considered a pleasant eating apple. A medium sized, rounded fruit, with skin mostly covered with red and streaked deeper red, but with a patch of green-yellow, tinted red, in the shade. The flesh is white, crisp, tender and juicy, and pleasantly flavoured. Hogg says it will keep to Christmas. The version we have is that of the National Collection, which does not quite accord with Hogg’s description, being earlier, less coloured and less crisp. Pollination Group 4

 

 

LONGWORTH BRYONY Given to us by Christine Feltham, of Bryony Cottage, Longworth, Oxfordshire. An old tree in her garden had to go to accommodate an extension and she was concerned that the unknown variety should not die out. The apples are regular, quite large and golden with a red flush and streaks, when ripe at the start of September. The tree was a prolific bearer, though modest in size and was mature decades ago, when Chris first came to the property. She thought it a culinary apple that becomes an eating apple when fully ripe, but we found it a most enjoyable dessert apple which can also be cooked. It is sweet and fragrant, richly flavoured and with an agreeable acidity. When cooked it kept its shape completely and had a well balanced flavour. It keeps for a month or two. *

Pollination Group 3

 

LORD BURGHLEY Found as a seedling in 1834 in the Marquis of Exeter's gardens at Burghley Park, near Stamford. A handsome, crisp, juicy eating apple, with aromatic flesh and decorative deep red skin. Bunyard considered it one of the best eating apples. It stores very well, until April or May.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LORD DERBY According to the Herefordshire Pomona, this is one of the finest culinary apples, ripe before the common Bramley. It was raised by Mr Witham, a nurseryman of Stockport, and recorded in 1862. It has a similar shape to the distinctive 'angular' Catshead, turns from green to yellow when ripe and has a rich, sharp flavour. It quickly cooks to a purée, mild and pleasant, without the need for much if any sugar. Some references say it keeps its shape, but we have not found this. The trees are very hardy and grow well in the north and on wet soil. It has therefore been a favourite in the north and Scotland. A good, reliably cropping tree.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 
             

 

LORD HINDLIP Introduced in 1896, having arisen on Lord Hindlip's estate in Worcestershire. Attractive fruit, flushed deep crimson, and with firm, sweet and juicy flesh. The flavour is aromatic, tangy and refreshing. Ripe in mid October and storing until February. A reliable cropper.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

LORD LAMBOURNE Another famous dessert apple raised by the Laxton Brothers of Bedford, in 1907. It is a cross between James Grieve and Worcester Pearmain. Introduced in 1921, it was named after a past president of the R.H.S.. Sweet, juicy fruit, with rich aromatic flesh. Popular in gardens as the trees are compact and only moderately vigorous, with good crops. Partially tip-bearing. Ready to pick in September; stores until November. We have copied others in suggesting it dislikes wet climates, but we have a report from John and Josephine Riley of Bowen Island, Canada, where the soil and air are quite wet, that it does very well. Dusky blossom.

Pollination Group 3

 

LUCOMBE'S PINE A late dessert apple, raised by Lucombe's Nursery of Exeter in Devon around 1800. Golden skinned with russet spots, it has firm and juicy flesh and a strong flavour of pineapples. Light crops that store until Christmas. Spur bearing and recommended for espaliers.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 
             

 

MABBOTT'S PEARMAIN Syn. Canterbury. A popular dessert apple around Maidstone in Kent, in the 19th century, originating in Langley. It was introduced in 1883, by Lewis Killick of Langley but was already long established. A medium sized, squarish apple, almost covered with crimson and prominently spotted. The full flavoured fruit has juicy, sweet flesh. A heavy cropping part tip bearer which stores until the end of the year.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MACLEAN’S FAVOURITE Raised around 1820 by Dr. Allan Maclean of Sudbury, Suffolk, who then went to Colchester, Essex (- our thanks to Andrea Davies for correcting the record. She is a descendant and has researched the origin of the apple). A medium sized, late season dessert apple with yellow skin and crisp, richly flavoured flesh. Hogg says it prefers light, warm soils where it will fruit prolifically, but it is prone to canker in damp soils. Barron in 1883 recorded another early season culinary apple of the same name. Scott agreed with Hogg, describing it as a top quality apple, ripe from November and storing to January. Roundish, rich, highly flavoured and ‘of very high excellence’. Trees are vigorous and good bearers. The London Horticultural Society catalogue of 1842 also called it ‘of the highest excellence’. It has some history of being used as a cider sweet. The apple currently known as Maclean’s Favourite is more striped than ‘yellow skin’ would suggest.

Pollination Group 5

 

MADELEINE Often confused, in the past, with Margaret and Summer Pippin, but it is distinct. It is probably French but was known in Britain as early as 1790. It seems to have disappeared here, in the modern age, but is still held by the Conservation Botanique, in France and they kindly sent us scion-wood in 2006. Though similar to Margaret as a small, very early, dessert apple, Hogg (1884) affirms that it is distinct, despite Lindley’s assertions that they are synonymous. Ripe in August, the apples are small, with pale yellow skin, flushed orange in the sun, with occasional red streaks and with many pearly specks. The flesh is crisp, juicy, sweet and with a good flavour for an early apple. Hogg records that the free growing trees have hairy leaves and shoots. *

Pollination Group 5