JENNIFER WASTIE One of several apples bred by F.W. Wastie, in 1934 and first recorded when sent to the National Fruit Trials in 1945, by his son J.F. Wastie. As with Jennifer, above, J.F. Wastie provided the names for his father’s apples, and named this one after his daughter Jennifer. A middle to late season dessert apple ripe in September to October. It is a cross between Ribston Pippin and Barnack Beauty. The flattish apples are slightly ribbed, with skin of green/yellow, flushed red, with coarse brown russet. Sweet and well flavoured but not particularly juicy.

Pollination Group 4

 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

JOANETING A very early dessert apple first mentioned by Bacon around 1600. According to Evelyn in his Kalendarium of 1669, calling it Juniting, it is ripe in June and ‘the first ripe’. In the current climate it is ripe at the end of July. Forsyth in 1810 said ‘The Juneting, or Jenneting, is a small yellowish Apple, red on the side next the sun. It is a pretty fruit for early variety and ripens about the latter end of June or beginning of July’. There were once several different sorts. Today we are left with just this one and White Joaneting, though we believe some others still exist. The sweet but small apples do not keep long and so must almost be eaten straight from the tree. Sweet, crisp and juicy with a good flavour. It has good crops. Pollination Group 1

 

 

JOHN STANDISH Raised around 1873 probably by John Standish of Ascot, Berkshire. It was introduced many years later in 1922 by Isaac House & Sons, at the Imperial Fruit Show. A dessert apple, quite conical and with very pale skin, largely covered in bright red streaks and flecked with russet. It has crisp, white and juicy flesh. Ripe in October and storing to February. The trees are upright growers.

Pollination Group 3

 

JOLLY BEGGAR A Scottish early season cooking apple raised by Dr. Lyell, of Newburgh, Fife. It was introduced around 1858. A medium sized rounded apple turning pale yellow when ripe, with a few pink/red streaks or an orange flush. It was very well regarded by Hogg, Scott and Bunyard as a valuable early apple, ripe in late August or early September. When cooked it keeps its shape and is richly flavoured and not too sharp. By the end of October it is still in reasonable condition but has lost most of its flavour. A good bearer which starts fruiting when quite young.

Pollination Group 4

 

JOYBELLS A pretty apple raised early in the twentieth century at Godalming, in Surrey. The skin is striped in shades of carmine and red, with some grey russeting; the flesh is crisp. sweet and juicy, with a subtle spicy flavour. Ready to pick by early October, and storing for a month or two.

Pollination Group 4

 

 
             

 

KANDIL SINAP An old and distinctively shaped apple, probably arising in the Crimea around 1800. It was one of the most popular market varieties in south eastern Europe. Bunyard (1920) said that it was occasionally met with in this country. A late, dual purpose apple, long barrel shaped, with yellow skin heavily flushed with deep red, but paler in some years. White fleshed, crisp, juicy and pleasantly flavoured. It stores until February. Crops heavy.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KANE’S SEEDLING A medium sized dessert apple existing before 1889 when it was exhibited from Southwell, probably the one in Nottinghamshire. This was the only record. It received an award of merit from the RHS. In 2005, Philip Rainford found a tree in an Arnside orchard, on the south side of the Kent Estuary, Lancashire. The name had been given to the present owner by the previous owner, who was 100 years old. Ripe in mid September and keeping well for two months, the flesh is crisp, juicy, sweet and with a subtle flavour. Some sweetness comes from the flavour as well as the sugar. It has good acidity and is a very pleasant apple.

Pollination Group 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KATH’S HANOVER HERITAGE An excellent old apple, brought to us in 2009 by Lucinda Reeves of Grendon Underwood, Buckinghamshire. When living in the Hanover area of Brighton, Lucinda’s neighbour, Kath Gibson, had a tall apple tree in her garden. With fruit to spare, Lucinda was invited to help herself. Kath is no longer living and the house and tree are now owned by her son John. Lucinda, in memory of acts of kindness by Kath, wanted the tree to be her memorial and since the apple is most unlikely to be a known variety, Lucinda has named it Kath’s Hanover Heritage. The houses at Hanover were built around 1826 and according to old records, researched by Lucinda Reeves, the area was previously orchard land, with a nearby farm. Given the size and location of the tree, it is likely that it predates the building and it looks as if two other tall apple trees are in gardens further down the road. It grows on a western slope with thin topsoil over chalk, typical to the area, and is now around 30ft tall with a substantial girth. The apples are medium to large, conical to long oval and obscurely ribbed. They are also quite heavy and the skin is a little tough – both signs of a very good storing apple. They are usually ripe in mid October, though the South Coast microclimate might mean a later ripening time elsewhere. Still green, when ripe, they gradually turn a warm pale yellow and in the full sun they develop a rosy cheek. Dark lenticels can become prominent. Unusually, the apples can hang on the tree until the start of March. The warmer climate and shelter of this particular tree might account for this. In the autumn and winter it is really a culinary apple, but when stored it becomes much sweeter, making it an excellent and fragrant eating apple. As a cooking apple it has a rich, sharp and sweet flavour, in perfect balance, and the flesh goes a warm amber colour, especially in preserves. It keeps its shape but is very tender, especially when used at the end of winter. The flesh becomes a little more crumbly but, unlike some other dual purpose apples, it does not lose its crispness and juiciness. * Pollination Group 4

 
             

 

KEELING APPLE An interesting old apple that has recently come to light. The tree is owned by Sally Kingsley and Colin Bayles of Cottered, near Buntingford, Hertfordshire. The old garden and the old house had been in Sally’s family since 1844 and the tree had always been known as ‘The Keeling Apple’. It was 6 feet in circumference at the base and 30 feet tall when, in 2007, the old tree blew over, revealing a decaying root system and they sought our help in saving it. They brought some fruit and the name with them. It has no known history. A pretty, oval apple with yellow skin, striped and spotted with crimson. The greenish flesh is crunchy, crisp, juicy and sweet with a refreshing flavour. Ripe at the end of September. *

Pollination Group 3

 

KENT ORANGE An apple we discovered in the Grove Heritage Collection in Tasmania, who sent us scions in 2013. Though the name does not appear in any reference we can find, we have been inclined to believe that this is an English apple that found its way to Australia with settlers there, as did many other apples in that notable collection. Our new trees have fruited when very young and the first fruit here was very late to ripen – in November. The apples are very striking, of dark red in the sun and deep orange in the shade. The flesh is very crisp, very juicy, sweet and rich. A very good apple, indeed. It seems to keep well, though the first few were so good they were not given much chance.

 

KENTISH FILLBASKET An English cooking apple, known before 1820 and subsequently taken to Australia. Named Fillbasket because the angular fruit was so large. It was also known as Potter’s Large, and described by Hogg as an excellent culinary apple of first rate quality. The juicy flesh cooks to a well-flavoured purée. The fruit is ready to pick in October and stores until January. The trees are strong and vigorous, and bear good crops. T*.

Pollination Group 3