HORSHAM RUSSET Raised around 1790, from a pip of a Nonpareil, by Mrs Goose of Horsham St. Faith's, near Norwich (not Horsham in Sussex). Hogg describes it as a small (Scott says medium sized) dessert fruit, with a flattened top. Pale green skin, covered in grey russet, and tinted pale salmon-pink next the sun. The flesh is green-white, crisp, juicy and aromatic. In use from November to March. Lindley adds that the tree is hardy and a good bearer. Our thanks to John and Helen Hempsall for providing scion wood of this, now rare, variety.

Pollination Group 3

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

HOWGATE WONDER An impressively large culinary apple and a popular exhibition fruit, raised by G. Wratten of Howgate Lane, Bembridge, Isle of Wight around 1915. A cross between Blenheim Orange and Newton Wonder, with sweet, juicy fruit, which quickly goes fluffy, when cooked. The vigorous trees crop well and are very hardy, so it is popular in the north.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

HUBBARD’S PEARMAIN An eighteenth century apple, introduced by Lindley in 1820 at a meeting of the London Horticultural Society as ‘a real Norfolk apple’. Small fruit, with yellow-green skin, flushed bronze-red, and sometimes russeted. Firm flesh, with a very rich flavour - Hogg clearly thought highly of it, saying that no English apple was its superior. Pretty white blossom, and good crops. A late apple storing until January.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

HUNT’S DUKE OF GLOUCESTER Raised by Dr. Fry of Gloucester and introduced by Thomas Hunt in 1820. A mid season dessert and cider apple, small to medium sized, round and conical, with skin of gold, lightly russeted. Ripe in September, It is an exceedingly rich apple, though a little dry. It will stay in good condition to November, but not January, as some have said.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IBSTONE PIPPIN An old and previously unknown variety shown to us by Tom and Susan White of Pishill Bottom, Stonor, near Henley Oxfordshire in 2013. Their tree was probably planted by Tom’s father around 1940. His mother came from nearby Ibstone, which was probably the source of their tree. Since their tree suckers and the fruit is the same on the suckers, their tree cannot have been grafted and it is assumed to be a ‘Burr Knot’ type which will root easily from cuttings, and therefore is easily passed around from place to place. It is a medium sized oblong apple, green turning pale yellow, quite soft fleshed in late September/early October and with a peculiar musty taste. It would seem to be a sweet cider apple. We hope to add more information after further observation.

 
             

 

IFFLEY BEEFING A good old-fashioned cooking apple, introduced to us by Mr and Mrs Grimley-Evans of Iffley, a village near Oxford on the River Isis, now a suburb of Oxford. Their farmhouse on the edge of the village, still retained two old trees from the old farm orchard. It was still a remote, active farm at the beginning of the 20th century. A tall tree bore large apples, of such a density that they don’t bruise when dropping from a great height. They are flat and broad with a wide, open eye in a flat basin. The skin is pinky red, almost all covered with deep red and striped maroon. There is heavy russet around the stalk and there are prominent white dots over the body. It is pleasantly edible as a dessert apple when fully ripe but primarily it is of culinary use, with a very good, tangy, yet sweet, flavour. When cooked the dark skin colours the flesh with pink. It keeps some shape. When cut, it does not discolour or bruise readily. It becomes ripe in early October and will store until the end of the year, at least. It is not obviously any variety still known and has been renamed Iffley Beefing to send it on a new life of popularity. We are grateful to Corinne and John Grimley-Evans for their enthusiasm and help. They have also provided Iffley Codlin, below. *

Pollination Group 4

 

IFFLEY CODLIN Given to us by Corrine and John Grimley Evans of Iffley. This is an old tree, but not of large growth. There were once many different codlins, but few now exist in collections and it may be difficult to identify its original name, hence its new name of Iffley Codlin. It is medium sized, oval and conical in shape, lightly ribbed on the body and more prominently at the eye. There are some dark dots on the skin, but it is otherwise of uniform green, going pale golden with full ripeness. In common with other old codlins, it can be used quite early – as early as August, while the fruit is produced over a period into October, when it is crisp, juicy, becoming sweeter - and then a very pleasant eating apple. Its best use, though, is culinary. We have noticed that in some years it will keep its shape, becoming translucent, but would mash, and in other years it will readily go to a purée. In either case the flesh is very rich, tangy and sweet. It will store into November. *

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

IRISH PEACH One of the best early apples, sent to the London Horticultural Society in 1819. It was very popular in Victorian and Edwardian times as 'a beautiful dish for dessert '. It is best eaten when fresh, as it does not store long before the rich, crisp and juicy flesh declines. The trees are moderately vigorous and spreading, and are tip bearing. Good crops, ready to pick in August or early September. Attractive pink blossom.

Pollination Group 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

ISLAY PIPPIN Possibly the ‘Lord Islay’s Pippin’ of Forsyth. He mentioned the apple in 1810, but no further record of it existed. The otherwise excellent 1971 National Apple Register, written by Muriel Smith, did not include the work of Forsyth, relying instead upon reports from him by Lindley and Hogg, who clearly had no knowledge of this apple. We noticed that the Grove Research Station in Tasmania had an Islay Pippin, a name we had not discovered in any other world collections, and assumed it possibly to be the same as Lord Islay’s Pippin. Lord Islay became 3rd Duke of Argyll when his brother, the second duke, died. The 2nd duke, a very keen horticulturalist, created a house and garden at Whitton Park, Hounslow. Whether Lord Islay’s Pippin belonged to the second or third duke is unclear but on the death of the 3rd duke in 1761, many of the exotic plants were transferred to the Royal Gardens at Kew. This was the province of Forsyth (Gardener to George III) and he would surely have come across the apple, if our speculations are correct. The assumption must be that this is a London apple not a Western Isles apple. Forsyth only lists the apple - there is no description. Whatever it is, it is a delicious early season apple, with attractive pale skin, delicately striped red and with sweet and crisp lemony flesh, which is sometimes streaked with pink. Spur bearing. **

Pollination Group 4

 

JAMES GRIEVE James Grieve was the manager of Dickson’s Nurseries, of Edinburgh. He introduced this mid-season, dual-purpose apple in 1893. When eaten for dessert the fruit is crisp and juicy, with a good flavour; it cooks to a rough purée. Popular in Scotland, the tree is hardy, crops well and has striking pink and white blossom. Considered by some to be a cooking apple when grown in the north and dessert when grown in the south. Though it varies in its nature with its location, it is usually ready in mid-September and stores until November. It is quite popular but there are better apples.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

JENNIFER Raised in 1923 by F.W. Wastie of Eynsham, Oxfordshire and recorded in 1944, when it was sent to the National Fruit Trials by his son, J.F. Wastie, who named it after his daughter. A cross between Duchess’s Favourite and Beauty of Bath. It is an early dessert apple, ready in late August and early September. The apples are slightly ribbed with yellow skin, flushed pale red and striped with bright red. Sweet and juicy, but not keeping long. A vigorous grower. Part tip bearing.

Pollination Group 3