HENLEY HALL A new name for an ancient apple tree growing at Henley Hall, near Ludlow, Shropshire, and sent to us by Charles and Suzanne Lumsden, who have recently restored the Hall and gardens. The Hall dates from the early 17th century when built by the Powys family, though the hall now seen dates from the mid 18th century, when the property was sold to Thomas Knight (who was the uncle of the renowned pomologist Thomas Andrew Knight -who was born at Ludlow but whose work, describing and breeding apples and other fruits was mostly conducted in Herefordshire). Few old trees remain there but this one is special. The ribbed fruit is small and longish conical, and green becoming pale gold with a warm blush. It is clearly a very old variety, from the shape. Late to ripen, from November, it will often stay on the tree until Christmas, and is hard and tough until properly ripe, when it is the most delicious sweet, very juicy, rich, and refreshing apple, staying in good condition for several weeks.
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

HEREFORDSHIRE BEEFING A late eighteenth century cooking apple with deep red, striped skin and dense yellow flesh, which keeps its shape when cooked and can also be used for drying. Hogg suggested the name when he encountered the apple at a meeting of the Woolhope Club, and was stricken with its similarity to the Norfolk Beefing. Subsequently he found that Forsyth had mentioned a Herefordshire Beefing, which he thought was the same. Pretty blossom, and good crops. A late apple which stores until January. Part Tip bearing.

Pollination Group 5

 

HERRING'S PIPPIN A dessert apple introduced in 1908 by Pearson’s of Nottingham having been raised by Mr Herring from Lincoln. Large bright red fruit with a spicy flavour, delicious to eat raw but sometimes also used for cooking. Ready in September, when the lemony flavour has a hint of bananas. It keeps for a month or so.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HEUSGEN’S GOLDEN REINETTE A dessert apple, originating in Elsen, Westphalia and dating from 1877, with red flushed skin and fine-textured yellow flesh. The flattish shape and bright colouring of the apple is quite attractive. The fruit is very rich in October and November, and has been said to store into the New Year, but now seems to last less long in our milder weather. Good crops.

Pollination Group 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HEWE’S CRAB Also known as Virginia Crab and Hewe’s Virginia Crab, it is believed to have existed before 1730 in Virginia. Though there is no historical evidence that it was grown in this country, it was certainly known to Lindley when the American edition of his ‘A Guide to the Orchard and Fruit Garden’ was published in 1846. The American editor, Michael Floy, added it saying ‘this apple is of small size; form nearly round; the stem long and thin; the skin is dull red mixed with faint streaks of greenish yellow; the juice acid and austere; the flesh singularly fibrous and astringent’. The American author, William Coxe, in his famous treatise ‘A View of The Cultivation of Fruit Trees’ in 1817, believed it originated in Virginia. ‘From this apple is obtained the celebrated crab cider, which by some amateurs is much sought after.’ Coxe found trees nearly 100 years old in 1817 which bore abundantly. Calhoun’s Old Southern Apples called it the most celebrated cider apple ever grown in the South, making a dry cider unsurpassed in flavour and keeping ability. He says the fruit is late, small, hard and falls without bruising. The pulp is tough but gives up its juice readily and the ‘must’ runs from the press very fine and clear. The cider keeps all winter, clear and sparkling. George Washington was a great admirer, preferring crab cider to any other. We received scionwood of this important old apple from Philip de Palma in Indiana and we are grateful to have it in this country. It fruits when young, and in its first year the flowering appears to be early. **

Pollination Group 3

 
             

 

HITCHIN PIPPIN First recorded in 1896, it was listed by the King’s Acre Nursery early in the 20th century. It was described by Bunyard in 1920 and exhibited from Wisley and Kent at the 1934 Apple and Pear conference. By 1946, when Taylor wrote of it, Hitchin Pippin was no longer listed by nurseries and it disappeared in the modern age. It was not to be found around Hitchin or wider Hertfordshire. Michael Clark of Tewin Orchard eventually discovered an old named tree in Kent, though it has since died. He took scions and kept it going, later providing us with a tree and some scion-wood, for which we thank him. Bunyard described it as an ‘early King of the Pippins’. An early dessert apple, medium sized, with green-yellow skin streaked with crimson. Quite soft, quite juicy, (Bunyard says somewhat dry) flesh which is cream, sweet and has a good flavour. It is ripe in late August/September. The fruit is oblong, with a flattened top and base, and the skin is orange, with many streaks and flecks of bright red. It spurs freely.

Pollination Group 4

 

HOARY MORNING An old Somerset apple known since at least 1819. It takes its name from the hoary appearance of the skin, like that of a peach. Medium to large apples, with a greenish-yellow skin, prominently striped with deep red and with sweet, rich flesh which may be used for cooking from October but by November it has become a crunchy, very juicy and sweet dessert apple, with an unusual flavour. Keeps until spring. Good crops.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOLLAND PIPPIN There are two distinct ‘Holland Pippins’ and this is the English one, of Lindley, Scott and Hogg. It was probably first recorded in 1729, though Evelyn noted it in 1664 if, as seems likely he was not addressing the Kirton Pippin, with which it has been confused. It takes its name from ‘the Hollands’ or the village of Holland, in Lincolnshire. Lindley’s description is as good as any - above middle size, of a somewhat square figure, the eye small with a closed calyx in a narrow, regularly plaited, basin. The stalk is short and rather deeply sunk, in a wide funnel shaped cavity. The skin is yellow green, interspersed with a few green dots and tinged with pale dingy brown on the sunny side. The flesh is yellow-white, pretty firm, tender and subacid, mixed with a good deal of sugar and having a slight perfume. In use from November to January. Keeps its shape, cooked, with a rich taste. It has also been used as a cider sharp/bittersharp. The trees are vigorous with a spreading habit.

Pollination Group 5

 
             

 

HOLLANDBURY This is probably a very old apple (judged by the number of synonyms it has acquired), though its recorded history begins in 1799. Forsyth (1810), calling it Hallingbury, says, “This is a large flat-shaped Apple, with large ridges from the base to the crown. It is of a beautiful red toward the sun, and of a yellowish colour on the other side and toward the eye.” He also describes Kirke’s Scarlet Admirable in the same chapter, but differently, even though both apples have since been assumed to be the same. Therefore, there is a little confusion surrounding this apple. It has been grown widely in both the north and south of England. It is a large mid to late season cooking apple and also a cider sharp or bittersharp, keeping into November. The flesh is tender, white and acid. Trees are vigorous.

Pollination Group 3

 

HOLLY Given to us by the Tann family, of Aldham, Colchester, collectors of old varieties. It originated in Georgia, USA before 1846 and was once one of the most popular sweet apples for keeping. For some years it has been considered ‘lost’ in the USA. In Georgia it was considered a very late apple though here it appears more middle to late, but it accords with old descriptions. A small to medium sized yellow apple, often coloured with red stripes, with sweet, firm, fine grained and juicy flesh. Ripe here in late September.

Pollination Group 6

 

 

 

HORMEAD PEARMAIN A late dual purpose apple believed to have been raised at Hormead, in Hertfordshire and first recorded in 1826. The flesh is white, crisp and juicy. The fruit is good to eat fresh but also stores well, staying firm for several months. It is also useful for cooking, when it retains some shape. The trees are of moderate growth and crop well.

Pollination Group 4