GLADSTONE A seedling that arose around 1780 and was found in a field near Kidderminster by William Jackson of Blakedown Nursery. It was introduced as Jackson's Seedling in 1868 and was subsequently renamed in 1883. An early dessert apple, often ready by the end of July, with large, greeny-yellow, red flushed fruit. The crisp flesh is flavoured of raspberries. Trees have a spreading habit and are tip-bearing. Crops are good but need to be eaten quickly as the apple does not keep for long.

Pollination Group 4

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

GLORIA MUNDI Also called the Monstrous Pippin or the Ox Apple. First recorded in the U.S.A. in 1804, and introduced to England in 1817. It may originally have come from middle Europe. Once very widely grown throughout Britain. A middle-season culinary apple, very large and irregularly shaped, which has been said to cook to a dark golden, sweet purée, though when used fresh it keeps its shape and stays pale. Stores until December. Part tip bearing.

Pollination Group 4

 

GLOUCESTER ROYAL Raised around 1930 at Dursley, Gloucestershire. A cider sweet, but also a reasonable eating apple. Small to medium fruit, with green and orange skin. In mid October it is very sweet and with almost no acid. The flesh is firm and a little dry. It will keep to the end of November. Dark flower buds.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

GLOUCESTER UNDERLEAF A variety known since 1883. Small to medium-sized fruit with a yellow skin, which has been said to be triple purpose. The slightly dry flesh denies it a top rating as a dessert apple, though it is pleasantly sweet and lemony, when ripe in October. It would certainly be a good cider sweet. Apples will last through November but become dryer.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

GOLD MEDAL The original name was Ryland Surprise and it was new in 1882, raised by Mr Troughton of Preston, Lancashire. It is both dessert and culinary, early to middle season (August-September), large in size and with pale golden skin, sometimes becoming amber. It was very popular in its native Lancashire and the Isle of Man, but also in the London area. The flesh is yielding and slightly acid, but juicy, crisp and sweet and with a fine flavour when first ripe. The trees have compact, dense growth. It will store until November, but by then it is starting to soften, the flavour is becoming cidery and the sweetness is fading.

Pollination Group 3

 
             

 

GOLDEN BITTERSWEET An old Devonshire cider ‘bittersweet’ that was first recorded by Hogg in 1884. The accession in the National Fruit Trials did not accord with the early descriptions and the true variety was re-discovered in modern times by Thornhayes nursery. The Herefordshire Pomona described it as – ‘a Devonshire apple, large and conical with ribbed sides. It is a yellow apple, with a red cheek, and sprinkled over with small russet dots and traces of russet. The tree bears freely and the fruit keeps well. It has a good repute as a cider apple’. Hogg says it was sent to him by Mr Rendall of Netherton Manor. The flesh is dry, woolly and slightly sweet. It bears well and ‘keeps without wasting’. Middle to late season.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

GOLDEN DELICIOUS An excellent apple, but one which has acquired a damning reputation in England, based upon the wide experience of the rubbish that was imported here from France, from the 1960s onwards. It was once extensively used in baby food, when the poor infants were not able to vocalise complaint. Grown in our climate and left to mature properly, it is a very crisp, juicy, sweet and richly complex flavoured apple. It originated around 1890 with the father of Anderson. H. Mullins of Clay County, West Virginia who bought some Golden Reinette trees which are believed to have pollinated his Grimes Golden and a chance tree established itself in a fence line. His son sold it to Stark Brothers who named it and introduced it in 1914. It came to England in 1926, when acquired by Edward Bunyard at Bunyard’s Nurseries, in Kent. Ripe from late October to November and lasting well into the winter.

Pollination Group 4

 

GOLDEN HARVEY Known since 1600, when it was called the Round Russet Harvey. It has also been called the Brandy Apple, as it made very strong cider due to the high specific gravity of the juice. The fruit is small and uniformly golden, and has an intense flavour when ripe in late October, developing further when stored until March. It was a traditional Victorian dessert apple as well as a cider apple. Spur bearing and excellent for espaliers.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

GOLDEN KNOB A Somerset dessert apple known at the end of the 18th century and in the London Horticultural Society catalogue of 1826. Forsyth first described it ‘The Golden Knob (from Enmore Castle), is a handsome, though rather small, Apple, of a fine gold colour, sometimes inclining to a russet. This Apple has a pleasant flavour’. The rounded, russeted apples are green-yellow in the shade, but with an orange tint in the sun. The flesh is yellow, tinted green; crisp, juicy and with a good flavour. Bunyard, in 1920, said it was popular in markets in the early nineteenth century, and still often grown in Kentish orchards. He reports a ‘distinctive flavour’. It has also been used as a cider ‘sweet’. There is another Golden Knob (medium sized and like a russeted Cox’s Orange Pippin), recorded by Taylor in 1946 and raised by Charles Ross at Newbury at the start of the 20th century. It may still exist somewhere, but the one offered here is the small, original one. Season December-March.

Pollination Group 4

 

GOLDEN NOBLE Found in an old orchard in 1820, Downham, Norfolk, by Patrick Flanagan, head gardener to Sir Thomas Hare (Hogg says Harr) at Stowe Hall, Norfolk. A middle-season culinary apple, with a deep golden skin and creamy flesh. It needs little sugar when cooked, is delicious in pies and perfect with blackberries. More interesting than the ubiquitous Bramley; by the end of the year it is ready for eating raw. It was widely grown in Victorian and Edwardian gardens, as it makes a decorative tree with good blossom. Also popular in Germany. Good crops, high in vitamin C. Partially tip bearing.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

GOLDEN PEARMAIN An old apple first mentioned in 1727 in “A Catalogue of Great Variety of the best and choicest Fruit-Trees That best Thrive in our Climate of England. ……Collected by many Years Experience, Increased, and to be Sold By Robert Furber, At his Nursery over-against the Park-Gate, at Kensington, near London”. Later accounts of this apple seem to conflict heavily with each other and it is difficult to have confidence that the few still known are true to name. The one we have retrieved from America has confused us a little by having small flattened apples one year and large oval apples the next. It will need further observation, but is a good late season dessert apple, with all the right attributes and is a prolific bearer. Ripe in October/November and lasting well.

Pollination Group 4