ESOPUS SPITZENBURG An American apple, introduced into Britain in 1824, but known in America before 1790. Bright red skin and yellow flesh; very crisp and with a rich flavour. Popular in America for apple pies, as it keeps its shape when cooked, and probably the apple first used in Waldorf salad. Best after a warm summer. Heavy crops. It keeps until March.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

ETHELBERT OAKENFULL A beautiful apple, first brought to our notice in 2012 when Michael Clark, of Tewin Orchard, asked us to graft new trees on behalf of a friend, Peter Oakenfull, naturalist, of Hatfield Hyde. Mr Ethelbert Oakenfull (known as Bert) found a 4-foot sapling growing at a disused Italian POW camp at Hatfield Hyde, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, in 1956. The old World War II Nissen Huts were being used by Murphy Radios, where Bert was a french polisher. There were two saplings growing close to each other in the overgrown verge of a hedgerow. Bert and a friend took one each and Bert’s was planted in his back garden at Green Acres, Welwyn Garden City, about a mile away and where it still grows today. Bert took great pride in his tree and regularly distributed the abundant fruit to friends and work colleagues. In 2011, when Bert was 91, he wanted his ageing tree to survive into the future and asked his son, Peter, if he would arrange for new trees to be grafted. Peter took cuttings to his friend, Michael Clark, who asked us to graft them. The new trees were delivered in autumn 2013, though Bert had passed away, before he was able to enjoy the acclaim his apple was receiving, but in the certainty that his very special tree would live on. It is a medium sized, round to tapering oblong eating apple, which has also been used for juicing and makes a good apple for baking in tarts, where it keeps its shape when sliced. The smooth, clean skin has a base colour of cream, beautifully flecked and streaked with pink and carmine. It is usually ripe from mid-September to mid-October, and will stay in good condition, often hanging on the tree into December in late ripening years. The flesh is very crisp, fine, juicy and sweet. It has the added attraction that it usually forms fruiting spurs in its first year and will fruit in its second year. Thereafter, the crops are very abundant. An excellent apple.

 

EYNSHAM CHALLENGER Raised in 1935 Mr F.W. Wastie of Eynsham, Oxfordshire as a cross between Blenheim Orange and Lord Derby. It was ‘shown’ in 1959 by his son, J.F. Wastie. A large, late season culinary apple, ripe in October and lasting to the end of the year. The apples are truncate conic with ribbing over the body. The skin is yellow-green with a faint orange flush and red streaks. The flesh is acidic and cooks to a cream purée, with a good flavour. A good cropper.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EYNSHAM DUMPLING Another of the many apples raised by F.W. Wastie of Eynsham, Oxfordshire. It was raised in 1935, ‘shown’ in 1958 and recorded in 1960 when it was sent to the National Fruit Trials by his son and also fruit breeder, J.F. Wastie. A cross between Blenheim Orange and Sandringham. A late culinary apple, ripe in October. Cooked, it keeps its shape having a very good flavour and needing only a little sugar, if any. Good in pies or poached. The apples are very regular in size and shape which makes them easy to deal with; a good name as they look like dumplings. Apples will keep until December. Attractive blossom and a good bearer.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

FAIR MAID OF DEVON An old Devon apple, first recorded in 1934 but much older. It is a colourful, larger than medium sized apple, ripe in mid October and lasting until the year end while keeping a good flavour. It has often been used early as a cider ‘sharp’ but when fully ripe it is crisp, but melting, sweet and very juicy with a rich flavour. The early tannin that assists in cider making has now faded to negligible levels. It is also good for cooking, keeping its shape and developing a rich floral flavour – sweet enough, though some might want to add sugar.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

FALLBARROW FAVOURITE One of several old fruit varieties discovered and saved for posterity by Hilary Wilson of Appleby-in-Westmorland. We thank her for sending scionwood. An old Westmorland apple, it was recently rediscovered at Crosthwaite, Cumbria. Though much older, it was first recorded in 1936 and exhibited from Westmorland in 1946. Since then it has disappeared from the area. It is a flattened, medium sized, yellow-green apple with a warm amber flush, used as a middle season cooking apple. It breaks down when cooked, but not quite to a purée. The flavour is rich, mellow and slightly tangy. It is sweetish, but sugar might be wanting. The apples do not store for long in the south. By mid November they are still reasonably firm, but the flavour starts to fade. *

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

FAMEUSE An old and much favoured apple that probably arose in Canada, though the earliest reference seems to be in the USA where it was much planted around 1730. It became known in Britain around 1800. Forsyth described it as ‘a pretty large Apple, of a beautiful dark red, with a little yellow on the side from the sun. The flesh is very white, and full of a rich sugary juice; and it comes into eating about the latter end of October. This Apple was introduced from Canada, by Mr. Barclay, of Brompton, Middlesex’. Scott describes the flesh as very white, very tender and delicate, with a nicely perfumed juice, one of our most beautiful apples. He thought it likely that it was brought to Canada by French settlers since so many of its synonyms are French. The tree is small, but gives good crops. It has also been highly regarded for cooking and cider.

Pollination Group 4

 
             

 

FEARN'S PIPPIN A late dessert apple known since about 1780. Bunyard attributes it to Mr Bagley of Fulham. Bright scarlet fruit, with crisp juicy flesh and a sweet lemon taste. Small to medium sized. Very popular around London in the mid nineteenth century. Keeps until February. A good cropper.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FELTHAM BEAUTY A colourful, very early dessert apple, raised by Veitch’s Nursery at Langley, Buckinghamshire in 1908. It was a cross between Cox and Gladstone. The apples have sweet, firm, juicy flesh, and are best eaten soon after picking. It has attractive blossom, striped pale pink.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FENOUILLET GRIS An old apple first recorded in 1608 when described as Espice D’Hiver, listed by Olivier de Serre. It was in the London Horticultural Society catalogue of 1826. There has been some confusion between this and Caraway Russet, starting with Lindley in the 1830s, and not entirely resolved. The word Fenouillet means fennel, of which the apple’s flavour is said to be reminiscent. It is a dessert apple but has also been used for cider. Scott in 1872 describes it as medium sized, in season February to March, roundish ovate, but broadest at the base. The skin is golden yellow nearly covered with brown russet, with a greyish brown tinge on the sunny side. The flesh is yellowish, rich, tender, crisp and sugary with a fine aromatic flavour. It can go woolly if kept too long. The tree is a slender grower, but good bearer in warm soils.

Pollination Group 4