COURT PENDU PLAT Also known as Court Pendu Rouge (wrongly) and the Wise Apple, because it flowers very late and often avoids late frosts. Grown since at least 1613, it is sometimes thought to date back to Roman times. The name means 'hanging short and flat', and perfectly describes the short stalked flattened fruit. The name is more likely to be a corruption of the early name Cour or Corps Pendu, as the early English name was ‘Hanging Body’. The apples are medium-sized, yellow, with a tawny or red flush and some russeting, and with a very rich, fruity taste. A popular Victorian dessert apple. The trees were used as a decorative feature in tubs as they had attractive blossom and a neat habit. Stores until April.

Pollination Group 8

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

COX’S ORANGE PIPPIN Raised in 1825 by Richard Cox, a retired brewer of Colnbrook Lawn, near Slough, Buckinghamshire. It was probably a seedling of Ribston Pippin (possibly crossed with Blenheim Orange). He also raised Cox’s Pomona (below) from the same batch of pips. Though not introduced until 1850, it then became very popular for its rich, juicy, sweet and tangy flesh, and for its good storing properties. It has not always been favoured for commercial growing because it is difficult to grow well, sometimes being subject to canker and scab.In recent years it has been extensively planted as the quintessentially English apple and it now accounts for the majority of domestic commercial orchards. Traditionally used when at its best, from November to Christmas, but it will keep until February. Pollination Group 4

 

COX'S POMONA Cox’s Pomona was introduced around 1825 by the same Richard Cox who raised Cox’s Orange Pippin. It was described by Bunyard as a handsome culinary apple, with medium/large yellow fruit, heavily streaked with crimson. The flesh is white and melting. Though it has some acidity it needs little sugar. It can also be eaten as a dessert apple, being crisp and juicy if eaten fresh, and more mellow flavoured when it ripens. Snowy white blossom. Good crops. It supposedly grows well in cooler soils. Middle/late season.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COYLE'S TRIPLE TRUNK An apple sent to us by Andrew Coyle of Swindon, Wiltshire, at the end of the 20th century. The old tree is on his allotment – a space created when houses were built around, in the 1930s. Before that time the land was part of a farm and local people considered the tree to be around 200 years old. Untypically, it divides into three huge boughs very close to ground level and it is most likely that the original trunk was buried when ground level was made up, to create the allotments, such that only the crown is now visible. We have often noted similar changes in ground levels with the lives of other trees and subsequent research confirms the evidence in the field. All three boughs flower and fruit the same, so there are no rogue boughs from the rootstock. A flat and wide, irregular, large cooking apple, with yellow green skin, blushed with carmine and with brighter streaks. It is ripe in late October and at the end of the year it is still very solid and has become sweet enough to eat raw. It cooks quickly but keeps its shape and is good for pies. The flavour is fairly sharp but with the addition of a little sugar, the rich flavour is revealed to perfection.

Pollination Group 3

 

CRAWLEY BEAUTY A handsome apple discovered by Cheal's Nursery (now under Gatwick Airport) at Crawley, in a cottage garden in Sussex around 1870. A late culinary/dessert apple with crisp, juicy flesh, which cooks to a lightly flavoured purée. It may be stored until February. The spreading trees will flower relatively late in spring and so are more reliable for setting fruit in the colder districts. It is heavy cropping and said to be resistant to scab and canker. Free spurring.

Pollination Group 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

CREMIERE An old, late season, medium sized, bittersweet cider apple from Somerset, though the name suggests it might originally have been French. Crisp, sweet and quite pleasantly flavoured, with mild tannin. It was recorded in the report of the Apple and Pear Conference of 1934 for the first and only time, seemingly lost in this country since then. A hard apple, that stores well into the New Year. We rediscovered it at Grove Research Station, Tasmania, and it returned to Britain in 2005. **

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CRIMSON BRAMLEY A bud sport of Bramley's Seedling, which originated in an orchard at Southwell, Nottinghamshire, before 1913, and differing only from Bramley’s Seedling in having a crimson blush and broader crimson streaks over the skin. Ripe in November and storing until March. Vigorous, part tip bearing. T.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CROW EGG Also found by us and retrieved from the Grove Farm Research Station, Tasmania, in 2005, the history of Crow or Crow’s Egg is a complex one. Parkinson recorded a Crowes Egge in 1629; “The Crowes egge is no good relished fruit, but noursed up in some places of the common people.” The National Apple Register records a reference to Crow’s Egg in the Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society (JRHS) in 1853, still existing in 1862. If it is the same apple, it turned up in America at some point, probably very early on. The best source of history is Calhoun’s “Old Southern Apples” written, with authority, from 1934 onwards. He has a Crow’s Egg, with synonyms of Raven’s Egg and Black Annie, which is found in the southern states. From personal observation he believes it the same as one named Black Gilliflower, a very dark red apple, middle/late season, medium to small in size, and very conical. He also records a Crow Egg from the northern states; oblong, red and yellow, and medium sized. The latter is more like the one we have. A late season dessert apple, with crisp, tangy flesh, quite sweet and well flavoured if left on the tree to full ripeness in October. **

Pollination Group 6

 
             

 

DABINETT An old cider variety found by Mr Dabinett in a hedge, as a wild seedling, near Middle Lambrook, Somerset. A prolific and regular bearer with medium sized conical apples, flushed red and ready in mid November. Used as a bittersweet in blends and also as a single variety cider apple. Middle flowering and reported to be self-fertile, though this is best not relied upon.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

D'ARCY SPICE An old, late dessert apple found in the gardens of The Hall, Tolleshunt d'Arcy, near Colchester, around 1785. Known as D'Arcy Spice, or the Spice Apple, until 1848, when it was introduced by a nurseryman John Harris as Baddow Pippin. Still popular in Essex. Greenish gold fruit, with some russeting and with a spicy nutmeg flavour. The crisp and juicy fruit is best after a warm summer. Stores until May, though it becomes softer with storage. It is said to prefer lighter soils and in our heavy clay it is apt to be a little bitter. Partially tip bearing. Large flowers.

Pollination Group 4

 

DECIO Known in Italy as Melo D'Ezio. Probably dating back to 450 A.D., and named after the Roman general Ezio, who marched northwards to fight Attila the Hun and supposedly took the apple with him. A small, sweet and fruity dessert apple, flushed red, and popular in Italy for hundreds of years. It shows its age and there are better apples. Stores until March. Very upright habit.

Pollination Group 5