COURT PENDU PLAT Also known as Court Pendu Rouge (wrongly) and the Wise Apple, because it flowers very late and often avoids late frosts. Grown since at least 1613, when recorded by Jean Bauhin, it is sometimes thought to date back to Roman times. The name means 'hanging short and flat', and perfectly describes the short stalked flattened fruit. The name is more likely to be a corruption of the early name Cour or Corps Pendu, as an early English name was ‘Hanging Body’, though this might have been a different apple. The apples are medium-sized, yellow, with a tawny or red flush and some russeting, and with a very rich, fruity taste. A popular Victorian dessert apple and still appreciated today. The trees were used as a decorative feature in tubs as they had attractive blossom and a neat habit. Flowering late, it needs a late flowering pollinator nearby. Stores until April. Pollination Group 8




COX’S ORANGE PIPPIN Raised in 1825 by Richard Cox, a retired brewer of Colnbrook Lawn, near Slough, Buckinghamshire. It was probably a seedling of Ribston Pippin (possibly crossed with Blenheim Orange). He also raised Cox’s Pomona (below) from the same batch of pips. Though not introduced until 1850, it then became very popular for its rich, juicy, sweet and tangy flesh, and for its good storing properties. It has not always been favoured for commercial growing because it is difficult to grow well, sometimes being subject to canker and scab.In recent years it has been extensively planted as the quintessentially English apple and it now accounts for the majority of domestic commercial orchards. Traditionally used when at its best, from November to Christmas, but it will keep until February. Pollination Group 4



COX'S POMONA Cox’s Pomona was introduced around 1825 by the same Richard Cox of Colnbrook Lawn, near Slough, Buckinghamshire, who raised Cox’s Orange Pippin. It was described by Bunyard as a handsome culinary apple, with medium/large yellow fruit, heavily streaked with crimson. The flesh is white and melting and breaks down when cooked. Though it has some acidity it needs little sugar. It can also be eaten as a dessert apple, being crisp and juicy if eaten fresh, and more mellow flavoured when it ripens. Snowy white blossom. Good crops. It supposedly grows well in cooler soils. Middle/late season, lasting to December. Poll 5


COYLE’S TRIPLE TRUNK An apple sent to us by Andrew Coyle of Swindon, Wiltshire, at the end of the 20th century. The old tree is on his allotment – a space created when houses were built around, in the 1930s. Before that time the land was part of a farm and local people considered the tree to be around 200 years old. Atypically, it divides into three huge boughs very close to ground level and it is most likely that the original trunk was buried when ground level was made up, to create the allotments, such that only the crown is now visible. We have often noted similar changes in ground levels with the lives of other trees and subsequent research confirms the evidence in the field. All three boughs flower and fruit the same, so there are no rogue boughs from the rootstock. A flat and wide, irregular, large cooking apple, with yellow green skin, blushed with carmine and with brighter streaks. It is ripe in late October and at the end of the year it is still very solid and has become sweet enough to eat raw. It cooks quickly but keeps its shape and is good for pies. The flavour is fairly sharp but with the addition of a little sugar, the rich flavour is revealed to perfection. Pollination Group 3

CRAWLEY BEAUTY A handsome apple discovered by Cheal's Nursery (now under Gatwick Airport) at Crawley, in a cottage garden in Sussex around 1870. A late culinary/dessert apple with crisp, juicy flesh, which cooks to a lightly flavoured purée. It may be stored until February. The spreading trees will flower relatively late in spring and so are more reliable for setting fruit in the cold districts. Heavy cropping and said to be resistant to scab and canker. Free spurring. Pollination Group 8
CREMIERE An old, late season, medium sized, bittersweet cider apple from Somerset, though the name suggests it might originally have been French. Crisp, sweet and quite pleasantly flavoured, with mild tannin, when eaten raw. It was recorded in the report of the Apple and Pear Conference of 1934 for the first and only time, seemingly lost in this country since then. A hard apple, initially, when ripe in late September, it stores well and stays juicy into the New Year and is useful for cider makers who want to blend it with other apples which are ripe at different times, from October to December. It is a reliable and consistent cropper here. We rediscovered it at Grove Research Station, Tasmania, and it returned to Britain in 2005. Pollination Group 5
  CRIMSON BRAMLEY A bud sport of Bramley's Seedling, which originated in an orchard at Southwell, Nottinghamshire, before 1913. It differs only from Bramley’s Seedling in having a crimson blush and broader crimson streaks over the skin. Ripe in November and storing until March. Vigorous, part tip bearing. T. Pollination Group 4    
CROXDALE CRAB Croxdale Hall and Estate, just south of Durham City, dates from the 15th century or earlier. There is a 12th century church in the grounds. In open pasture called North Park is the most magnicifent and very, very old apple tree. It is probably a crab, though the young growth and foliage are not typical and it might have some mixed parentage with Malus Domestica. We have not seen the mature fruit, but we include it here because of the tree and not the fruit. Public access is available and Denis Gregson, an Arboricultural Officer with a local council and a great lover of trees visited it regularly over many years and told us of it, sending photos and cuttings to graft here. The size is immense, the trunk is hollow, heavily knarled and open in part, so one can see right through it. The girth is perhaps the greatest we have come across. In Spring it is a mass of blossom. A truly impressive tree of antiquity and mystery. We look forward to learning more of its fruit, though the tree itself is the star. Thanks to Denis Gregson for this and reports of other apple trees.
  DABINETT An old bittersweet cider variety supposedly found by Mr Willian Dabinett in a hedge, as a wild seedling, near Middle Lambrook, Somerset. It is still popular and well known. According to Bulmer’s Pomona it originated in the Martock/Kingsbury area of Somerset. It has been said to be a seedling of Chisel Jersey. A prolific, regular and precocious bearer with medium sized conical apples, greenish yellow, flushed and striped red. The apples are ripe from the end of October to mid-November. The flesh is fragrant, very sweet and moderately astringent. Still favoured for cider blends and also as a single variety cider apple. It has been said by some to be self-fertile, but it is best not to rely upon this. It will last until the end of the year when it starts to shrink. The trees do not grow large, but are very productive. Pollination Group 6    
D'ARCY SPICE An old late dessert apple found in the gardens of The Hall, Tolleshunt d'Arcy, near Colchester, around 1785. Known as D'Arcy Spice, or the Spice Apple, until 1848, when it was introduced by a nurseryman John Harris as Baddow Pippin. Still popular in Essex. Greenish gold fruit, with some russeting and with a spicy nutmeg flavour. The crisp and juicy fruit is best after a warm summer. It was formerly said to store until May, but warmer summers and winters now make this unlikely. It is said to prefer lighter soils, but the rootstock takes care of the soil, not the variety. Partially tip bearing. Large flowers. Pollination Group 4
DEANS´ CODLIN A large cooking apple, known in the first half of the 19th century and described by Hogg in the 5th edition of his ‘The Fruit Manual’ (1884) as “a first-rate kitchen apple”. It was introduced by nurseryman, Mr W. Deans, of Jedburgh, Roxburghshire, Scotland. A very large fruit, slightly taller than wide, with prominent ribs on the sides, which form ridges around the eye. The skin is deep yellow, dotted with large russet specks. The flesh is yellowish, 'tender and pleasantly flavoured'. It is in season throughout winter, until February. Barron, the author of the report of the National Apple Congress, at Chiswick, in 1883, assumed that samples exhibited from two sources as Deans’ Codlin, were the same as Potts’ Seedling. His judgements were sometimes questionable. Deans’ Codlin was next noted in England, when exhibited from France at the 1934 Apple and Pear Conference, at Wisley. There do not appear to be any records of it having been grown in Britain since the 19th century, but it still existed in collections in Switzerland and Romania. In 2019 we received scions from Matthias Buchta, in Bavaria, Germany, and it is now back in Britain.
  DECIO Known in Italy as Melo D'Ezio. It probably dates back to 450 A.D., and was named after the Roman general Ezio, who marched northwards to fight Attila the Hun, supposedly taking the apple with him. A small, sweet and fruity dessert apple, flushed red, and popular in Italy for hundreds of years. Ripe in October, it stores until March. A good, but not a great apple. Very upright habit of growth. Pollination Group 5