CISSY Now considered to be the same as Tamplin, but the recorded history still leaves room for doubt, as both have previously been listed separately. Mr Tamplin or Tampling raised an apple (possibly two) between 1750 and 1800 at Malpas, Monmouthshire, Wales. It seems it was originally called Tamplin or Tampling. It is said to have been distributed by his sister Cissy. A medium sized, round ovate, red flushed and striped dessert apple, ripe in September, lasting to October. The apple we have is the Cissy from Wisley. The first suggestion that Tamplin and Cissy were the same came in the National Apple Register of 1971. Pollination Group 4

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

CLAYGATE PEARMAIN Discovered by John Braddick growing in a hedge near his home at Claygate, near Thames Ditton, Surrey. In 1822 he sent specimens to the London Horticultural Society, who agreed that "it is unquestionably a first rate dessert apple". The juicy, crisp fruits have a tangy flavour initially, similar to Cox’s Orange Pippin and become sweet, rich and nutty when stored. The tree is moderately vigorous, upright, spreading and partially tip bearing, but not short of spurs. Good crops. Pretty blossom and buds T*.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

COCKLE PIPPIN Once also called Nutmeg Cockle, Nutmeg Pippin and White Cockle, though the name Nutmeg Pippin properly belongs to another apple. An eating apple which became popular in the 19th century for its sweet, aromatic, firm textured fruit. Raised by Mr Cockle of Godstone in Surrey (though Bunyard says he was from Sussex) around the start of the 19th century, and widely grown in Surrey and Sussex in the 20th century. A late and small truncate conic apple with yellow/green skin and cinnamon russet. The dense flesh is very richly flavoured, but the apples must be left on the tree until fully ripe, or they can be quite sharp. Upright trees with heavy crops.

Pollination Group 4

 

COCKPIT Also known as Summer Cockpit and Yorkshire Cockpit. A highly regarded Yorkshire cooking apple, also grown in other northern counties and in the South, where it is a good dessert apple. It dates from before 1831 and is a medium sized, late season apple which will keep until December. The shape is angular and ovate with flesh of yellowish white, very juicy and with good acidity. The yellowish skin is sometimes flushed orange-red. When cooked it is pleasantly sweet and rich, keeping its shape. As an eating apple, it is best in October. A good bearer with pretty pale blossom. T*.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

CODDENHAM RED Fruit and scions were brought to us by Jane Peecock, of Coddenham, Suffolk in 2007 and the name was given by her, the original name now lost. This old and individual apple tree grows in the garden of a 15th century coach house, in the rural village of Coddenham, north of Ipswich. A large cooking apple with rosy streaked flesh, that, when cooked, partly keeps its shape and takes on a pink colour. The flavour is rich and is highly recommended by Jane for pies and crumbles. Ripe in October. *

Pollination Group 5

 
             

 

COEUR DE BOEUF An old French culinary apple, possibly dating back to the 1200s, but long grown in Britain. The fruit is showy, large and crisp fleshed. The flesh as well as the skin is flushed with red - hence the French name. The skin is red striped over a mahogany flush. The taste is fruity and quite sweet, cooking to a well-flavoured purée. Keeps until May. Free spur bearing. T*.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COKER SEEDLING First noted at the Apple and Pear conference of 1934, but a much older variety, from Somerset, named after the village of East or West Coker. It was described by Taylor in 1946 as a large cooking apple, similar to Warner's King, but sometimes with a number of wide, scarlet stripes and a flush of scarlet. The base is usually flat. Ripe in September. It became unknown, outside of West Coker, until Angus and Marilyn McPhee had confirmation from a 90 year old local that the old tree in their garden, now leaning at 45 degrees, was always known to him as Coker Seedling. Angus McPhee kindly sent us scions in 2007. It is a top quality early season cooking apple, Medium to large, ripe in September and only lasting to the end of October. The rich, fragrant cream flesh is sweetish enough to eat in October but is best as a rich and tangy cooking apple which completely keeps its shape. It has also been used for cider.*

Pollination Group 4

 

 

COLE Lost to Britain and rediscovered by us at the U.S. Plant Genetic Resources Unit at Geneva, New York, who received it from Victoria, Australia in 1938. We received scions and re-introduced it here in 2005. It was first recorded in 1826 and has also been called Scarlet Perfume. The skin is yellowish, slightly bloomed, deeply stained and streaked crimson, with some russet. The flesh is white, firm and juicy with a rich flavour. An excellent autumn dessert apple, keeping till Christmas. It is also a good culinary apple when fresh. Ripe in October. It is medium to large and the trees bear well and when young. It was also highly regarded as a sharp/bittersharp cider apple. It was last heard of in Britain in 1884. **

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 
             

 

COLONEL VAUGHAN A very old apple, first recorded in Meager’s list of 1670, as being cultivated in London nurseries, and also mentioned by Ray. Bunyard said it was grown in Kent since the 17th century and Taylor says it was much found in Sussex. It is generally considered a dual purpose apple, though the 1842 London Horticultural Society catalogue considered it a cider variety. Small to medium sized, conical and smooth skinned, with warm yellow, and heavily striped red. The flesh is firm and very juicy, whitish and sometimes stained red. Scott said the juice was flavoured ‘like strawberry’. Ripe in October and lasting to the end of November, the trees are moderate in growth and compact, with dark pink buds and attractive blossom.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

COLVERT
An American apple of unknown origin, first recorded in 1867 when described by Warder. It has a synonym of Prussian but it is not certain that the two were originally the same apple. There might also be a connection with Prussian Pippin, long known in Westmorland, but now ‘missing’. Descriptions of the latter are inconsistent and some might apply to Prussian/Colvert. Once widely grown in the USA, it is not now encountered often but still exists in the USA and we have a tree here. Scott grew it in Somerset and described it in ‘The Orchardist’ much in the same terms as Downing in America. Middle to late season, large, middle quality, ripe from October to November. The shape is oblate inclining to conical, the skin greenish yellow, striped and shaded with red near the sun. The flesh is greenish white, tender and subacid. Trees are strong growers and enormous bearers. A very pretty and tasty apple, better than the 'middle quality' suggested by Scott.

Pollination Group 3

 

COMPTON WYNYATES An old tree brought to our notice by Jane Jervis of Home Farm, Compton Wynyates, Sibford, Warwickshire and renamed by us since the original variety name is lost. Home Farm was built in the 1870s as the Bailiff’s House for the famous Tudor mansion of Compton Wynyates. The drive was shared when Mr and Mrs Jervis came 50 years ago and an old orchard along the drive once formed part of the larger estate. The tree looks to be well over 100 years old. The small to medium sized apple is an early eating apple, heavily ribbed, oval/conic, pale green and whitish, with red stripes over a third of the skin. It is pleasantly sweet and well flavoured, but does not keep for more than a few weeks and is best straight from the tree. Ripe early September. *

Pollination Group 3