CAT APPLE Brought to our notice by David and Lindsay Peace of Little Orchard, Lee Common, Buckinghamshire, who own the only remaining old tree known with this name. David reports that his grandfather, Joseph Pratt, born 1895, told him when he was young that they were called Cat Apples. David’s house was built in 1954 and called Little Orchard since it was built within an old domestic orchard. Their old tree is propped and leaning at 45 degrees. Lee Common, alongside The Lee, was an area populated by the ‘commoners’, and set aside from the grander houses. Ripe in mid October, apples can be stored for a month or two. They are large, angular and green, becoming paler, with bold red stripes. When fully ripe the apples are pleasant to eat, if a bit large, with rich and very sweet/sharp flesh, crisp and juicy. Cooked, the apples keep their shape, needing no sugar added. The flavour is rich, sweet and tangy. An excellent and very rare dual purpose apple. * Pollination Group 4

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

CATSHEAD Also called Pig's Snout. The names come from the unusual shape of the fruit, which is tall and angular. The skin is green, turning yellow when ripe and sometimes developing a warm blush on the cheek. A very old culinary variety, mentioned by Parkinson in 1629. Large fruit, which cooks to a firm purée. Once a favourite for baked apples and apple dumplings, because of its shape. White, juicy flesh. Stores to Christmas. T*.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

CAUDAL MARKET An Oxfordshire apple raised by Mr F. W. Wastie of Eynsham in 1924. It was a cross between Lane’s Prince Albert and Hambledon Deux Ans. The first formal recording was in 1953 when his son, J.F. Wastie, sent it to the National Fruit Trials. It is late season, ripe in November and lasting to the turn of the year. A fairly large apple, flattened to truncate conic, green with red stripes and dots. The flesh is crisp, acid and sweet. It keeps its shape, when cooked. Dual purpose.

Pollination Group 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CELLINI Raised and introduced around 1828 by Leonard Phillips, nurseryman of Vauxhall Bridge, London and similar in appearance to Nonesuch, from which it was probably bred, according to Hogg. It is medium sized, roundish and oval with a flattened crown and has always been a popular eating and cooking apple, producing a cream purée, when cooked. It is a rich, juicy and sweet dessert apple when fully ripe in the South in October and November. It has a deep yellow skin, with patches of red on the shaded side, and bright red with streaks of darker red where exposed to the sun. The flesh is tender, very juicy and with a slightly balsamic aroma. Both father (George) and son (Edward) Bunyard remarked upon its very regular crops, the latter regarding it as its chief advantage 'but the curious flavour appeals to some'. It has also been used as a cider ‘bittersharp’, before full ripeness.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHACELEY KERNEL From Chaceley, a village area that straddles Worcestershire and Gloucestershire. This is a small to medium sized dessert and cider apple, flattened round to oval, deep green with a brownish flush, overlaid with large russet spots. The flesh is very juicy but fairly austere even as late as October, and it needs warmth and a bit longer to develop good dessert quality. Before fully ripe it is a useful cider ‘bittersharp’.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

CHARLES ROSS A medium sized, dual purpose apple raised by Charles Ross, who was the head gardener at Welford Park in Berkshire from 1860 until 1908. He crossed Peasgood’s Nonsuch and Cox’s Orange Pippin, and selected various apples as a result. Charles Ross was his first selection, first exhibited in 1890 and given this name in 1899. It is lightly aromatic, very sweet and juicy, with a firm texture, delicious to eat raw, and keeping its shape when cooked. Will keep until December, but best used earlier. Part tip bearing but also freely spurring.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAXHILL RED According to the Herefordshire Pomona of 1885- ‘A very beautiful little Gloucestershire apple, which received a first class certificate at Gloucester (1873) “for its excellence as a cider fruit”. It was raised from seed by Mr. Bennett, of Chaxhill, Westbury-on-Severn. Its juice, however, is poor and thin, and it has not therefore maintained its character as a cider apple.’ Perhaps this was a harsh judgment since it has continued to be a popular cider variety. The Gloucestershire Orchard Group deem it to be triple purpose, but its value as a culinary or dessert apple is limited. The skin is deep crimson in the sun, with darker streaks, and greenish-yellow, thinly streaked with red in the shade. Cider sharp, best used in October.

Pollination Group 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHERRY PEARMAIN An old apple, already well established in the Herefordshire orchards in the middle of the 19th century. The first record was when it was exhibited by Cranston Nursery, Hereford, at the National Apple Congress of 1883. It has no known prior history. It was principally a cider ‘sweet’ but Hogg records that it was also a good dessert apple ‘sweet from the tree’ and will ‘make a good pudding’. Medium sized fruit, usually roundish, but sometimes conical or angular. The flesh is yellowish, stained with red at the eye, and with a red line around the core. It is tender and pleasantly flavoured, according to Hogg. It was considered a mid-season dessert and culinary apple in the National Apple Congress report, written by Barron, but an early cider variety in the Herefordshire Pomona recommended cider list. Our experience is that the apple is best for dessert and only ripens fully in early October. It loses its quality after November. There appears to have been no knowledge of this apple variety after the 19th century in Britain, but we recently discovered it listed in the collection of the veteran fruit collector Nick Botner in America and he kindly sent scions in 2006. Pale blossom with deep pink reverses. **

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 
             

 

CHISEL JERSEY The first reference to this cider apple was in 1885 in the Herefordshire Pomona. ‘A striped bitter-sweet apple in the highest esteem in Somersetshire. It is a constant bearer and a free grower. It makes excellent rich cider, of high colour, and if mixed with some rich, sweet, kind, ripening at the same time, it becomes of the highest quality.’ It is said to have originated at Martock, Somerset. In Somerset and Dorset it is still widely found from mass plantings in the mid 20th century. A late season ‘bittersweet’ cider apple ripe in November. Medium sized, flattened conical, green skinned with russet, sometimes flushed brown and with red stripes. It is a late flowerer and a precocious bearer.

Pollination Group 5

 

CHIVERS DELIGHT This eating apple was raised by Mr. Chivers in 1920 at Histon, Cambridgeshire. It has a sweet, slightly acid taste with an interesting honeyed flavour. The texture is firm, crisp and juicy. The moderately vigorous trees are suitable for growing in the north. An attractive medium sized apple with amber and orange flushes, streaked red. Crops are generally good. Stores until January.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

CHRISTMAS PEARMAIN A Kentish late dessert apple, introduced in 1895 by the famous nurseryman George Bunyard, father of the pomologist Edward Bunyard. It was raised by a Mr Manser. The medium sized apples have a uniform, attractive shape, often quite oval. The skin of gold and green has russet streaks and is flushed red. The flesh is firm, juicy, pleasantly acid and sweet, developing a very rich flavour in November and December. A small, compact tree that produces good crops.

Pollination Group 2