ASHDOWN SEEDLING An early dessert apple from Ashdown in Sussex, ripe in August. It was received by the National Fruit Trials in 1966. A seedling of McIntosh, it originated at the Ashdown and General Land Company, Horsted Keynes, near Ashdown Forest. Tangy, sharp but sweet and with yielding flesh. A good complex flavour for an early apple.

Pollination Group 3

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

ASHEN IMPOSTER Over 30 years ago we bought a Ribston Pippin from a nursery – though we cannot recall which – but when it fruited it was clearly not a Ribston. We have mused upon it and sought a name from the countless apples that we have seen, but none came. Being such a good apple, it deserves to be planted widely. Large green, lightly ribbed apples, turning pale yellow when ripe, with crisp and juicy, sweet flesh in early October. The apples will keep for a month or two. The name given by us reflects the history and the colour of the ripe apples.

Pollination Group 5

 

ASHMEAD’S KERNEL A late dessert apple raised around 1700 by Dr. Ashmead of Gloucester, but which did not become widely planted and popular until the middle of the nineteenth century. Very much appreciated by Victorians and Edwardians because of its complex flavour, which is both sweet and sharp, and for its firm white flesh. Sweetness develops with storage. In the first half of the 20th century it fell into obscurity, but enjoyed a revival later. The trees have attractive blossom and the fruit stores until February. Cropping can be irregular. T*.

Pollination Group 4

 

AUTUMN PEARMAIN Also called the Summer Pearmain, though there is some confusion between the two in the old literature and this apple is probably not the true Summer Pearmain. Autumn Pearmain was the preferred name of Lindley and, later, Hogg, but there appears to have been a separate Summer Pearmain, an early apple. See Summer Pearmain later. Autumn Pearmain is an attractive mid to late season dessert apple, with a red flush and fine russeting. Firm flesh and a pleasant, sweet taste. Part tip bearing.

Pollination Group 4

 

BAKER’S DELICIOUS A Welsh apple of uncertain date, but introduced by Baker's Nursery of Codsall, Wolverhampton, in 1932. A pale golden dessert apple, often russeted, usually fully streaked with red and with richly flavoured, juicy cream flesh. The fruit is ready in September and will store for a few weeks.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 
             

 

BALL’S PIPPIN It was introduced by Allgrove's Nursery of Middle Green, Langley, Buckinghamshire in 1920 and was said to be a cross between Cox's Orange Pippin and Sturmer Pippin. A large, roundish dessert apple with a flattened top, ribbed at the eye. The skin is green-yellow, with a faint red flush, netted with russet and with some white flecks. The flesh is white, sweet, fragrant, and juicy. It will keep to March. It received an Award of Merit from the RHS in 1923. Scionwood was given to us by Geoff Goodchild, from his old tree.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

BAMFAIRS An old Oxfordshire variety, also called Bampton Fairing, but we adopt the name by which the last known old tree has been called by the owners, Mr and Mrs Harris of Lovegrove’s Farm, Fordwells. The family of Mrs Olive Harris has lived there since 1836; her great grandfather, who had the tree, died in 1915, and the tree is now well over 100yrs old, modest in size but healthy and a good bearer. It takes its name from the old tradition of it being ripe by the day of Bampton Fair, where it was sold. Ripe in early September, the medium sized apples are deep red over pale green, with numerous starry dots. It is crisp, juicy, sweet and tangy. The apples will store for a few weeks. As with Annual Sweetening (above), we acknowledge the help and care of Mr and Mrs Harris. *

Pollination Group 3

 

BARNACK BEAUTY Raised by a cottager in 1840 at Barnack village, Northants, near Stamford, but not introduced until 1870 by Browns of Stamford. A late dessert apple with unusual oval fruit, flushed deep red, juicy, crunchy and with an intense flavour. It may also be used for cooking, when it slowly softens to reveal a very rich flavour. Strong growing, spreading trees, with decorative blossom. Fruit stores until March. It is said to be one of the best varieties for chalk soil, though it is always the rootstock that has to contend with particular soils.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 
             

 

BASCOMBE MYSTERY An old English apple whose origin is unknown. It was in the collection of the London Horticultural Society in 1831. A good dessert apple, also with a history of culinary use. The medium sized apples are obscurely ribbed on the sides, with skin of uniform grassy green, sometimes flecked white, turning more yellowish as it ripens. The flesh is crisp, juicy and perfumed. It is ripe in November/December, but can improve with storing. Taylor records that it can keep for up to 16 months, but this is unlikely in normal conditions.

Pollination Group 7

 

BAUMANN'S REINETTE Raised by Baumann in Alsace, or possibly by Van Mons in Belgium, and first recorded in 1811. It has been long grown in Britain and was in the London Horticultural Society collection at Chiswick by 1842. A very good, handsome, dark crimson, dessert apple with crisp, juicy flesh, faintly flavoured of strawberries. It crops regularly and stores well, for Christmas. It can also be used for cooking, keeping its shape.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

BAXTER’S PEARMAIN A vigorous tree which was grown in Norfolk as early as 1821. Greenish yellow fruit, with orange tinges, red streaks and occasional russeting. The crisp fruit is dual purpose, with white, juicy, tangy flesh, and is a richly flavoured eating apple which also keeps its shape when cooked. A heavy and regular cropper. The fruit stores well until January or February.

Pollination Group 5