GREY PIPPIN A rare old variety which came to us from the Tann family apple collection at Aldham, near Colchester, Essex. It is an old variety, local to a part of Essex, but nothing was known of its history, until we discovered a reference to it, by Mortimer, in 1707. It might also be the Gray’s Pippin of Forsyth (1810). A medium sized apple, grey-green with attractive russeting, turning golden when fully ripe. It is a late dessert apple; crisp, juicy, sweet and packed with complex flavours. Part tip bearing. The accession in the National Collection has recently been DNA profiled and found the same as Cockle Pippin. These two apples are quite distinct, suggesting that one or other in the National Collection is wrong.

Pollination Group 5

 
 
 
 
 

 

 

GRIMES GOLDEN Around 1790 Edward Cranford planted apple seeds at his farm in Brooks County, West Virginia and then sold the farm to Thomas Grimes in 1802. He found this apple and sold it to traders, who took it down river to New Orleans, achieving considerable popularity along the way. It later became one of the parents of Golden Delicious. In 1872 trees were being sold by Scott in Somerset who described it as a top quality, late season dessert apple, best from December and keeping to March. The flesh is yellow, compact, tender, juicy and rich with a spicy subacid flavour and unusual aroma. The tree is very hardy and never breaks its limbs, being supported by peculiar knobs at the base of each branch. It is a very productive tree. It has also been used for cider in America, and Barron, in 1883, considered it also a cooking apple. Pollination Group 5

 

HAGLOE CRAB Raised by Mr Bellamy before 1796, at Hagloe, Gloucestershire. It is thought to date from the 1720s. A late season cider bittersweet, smallish, with long-stalked fruit with red skin striped and flushed brown, patched with broken russet. Sometimes the skin is dark all over. A chewy apple but really quite pleasant with a sweet and rich flavour, but some bitterness. Storing to January. Dark buds and pink petals.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

HAMBLEDON DEUX ANS Syn. Green Blenheim. Discovered at Hambledon, Hampshire in the mid eighteenth century; there are still many old trees in the area. A culinary apple with large, sweet fruit, that cooks to a rich purée. It is also a sweet and tangy dessert apple when fully ripe. Famous for its long keeping properties - it was said that it could keep for two years, hence the name. Very long-lived trees, with a spreading habit and pretty deep pink blossom. Part tip bearing. T*.

Pollination Group 3

 

HANWELL SOURING A late culinary apple known since the early 19th century. It originated at Hanwell, near Banbury, and was once grown all over Warwickshire and the West Midlands. Hogg, in his Fruit Manual, called it a ‘first rate kitchen apple’, and its crisp greenish flesh was valued by those who enjoyed a sharp cooking apple. Moderately vigorous trees, with a spreading habit. T*.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 
             

 

HARGREAVE’S GREENSWEET An 18th century variety first recorded by Hogg, who was introduced to it by Hargreave’s Nursery, Lancaster. A tree, which was very old in 1846, still stood in the nursery. It is a middle season dessert apple, with medium-sized oblong fruit, angular on the sides and ribbed around the eye. The skin is yellow, tinted green in the shade, and dark yellow with green tints and a few faint red streaks in the sun. The flesh was described as yellowish, tender, juicy, sweet, and perfumed, but lacking acidity. Ripe in September and October. The variety had not been heard of since Hogg’s report, but has recently been rediscovered by Philip Rainford in Lancashire. He came across an old tree and was told it was called Green Sweet (which is another distinct apple). Since the apple he had discovered did not accord with the descriptions of Green Sweet it occurred to him that it might be Hargreave’s Greensweet. The characteristics tallied completely with Hogg’s description. He kindly sent scions to us.

Pollination Group 5

 

HARVEST LEMON One of several old fruit varieties discovered and saved for posterity by Hilary Wilson of Appleby-in-Westmorland, who sent us scionwood. She rediscovered it a few years ago at Cumwhinton, near Carlisle. The tree (now deceased) at Stoneraise Farm, Armathwaite, was in an old orchard owned by the grandmother of the wife of Jim Armstrong, a retired agriculturist. Harvest Lemon was first recorded at the Apple and Pear conference of 1934, when it was exhibited from Cumberland, the only occasion upon which it has been noted. It is both a dessert and cooking apple, middle season, of medium size and with green skin turning yellow. *

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

HARVEY Syn. Dr. Harvey. It was named after Dr Gabriel Harvey, who was the master of Trinity Hall College at Cambridge. A very old apple, described by Parkinson in 1629 as "a faire great goodly apple, and very well relished". A large culinary apple, with a russeted skin and sweet flesh; it makes a rich tasting purée and was very popular for baking. It was widely planted in East Anglia and is still found in Norfolk. Heavy crops. Stores until December. Trees are vigorous and part tip bearing.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

HAUT-BONTÉ A fine dessert apple said to come from Poitou in France and believed to date from the 1200s. It was first recorded in England when included in Philip Miller’s 1724 “The Gardeners and Florists Dictionary”. Our scion wood came from the Conservatoire Botanique, the French national collection, at Angers, in 2006. A green, lightly russeted apple with a broken tawny flush in the sun, ripe very late in the year and often only at its best in late November. The flesh is juicy, very sweet, with a rich flavour and the apples store well. Highly rated by all the historic writers who knew it. Pollination Group 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HAWTHORNDEN An old cooking apple, popular in Scotland in the eighteenth century, but not known around London until introduced by the Brompton Park Nursery in 1790. Medium to large fruit, with crisp, juicy, white, fragrant flesh, which keeps some shape when cooked and makes good baked apples. By mid September they develop sweetness and become a good, zesty eating apple. Vigorous trees, with good crops. Middle fruiting and storing to November. Dark buds and attractive blossom.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HELMSLEY MARKET APPLE Sent to us by fruit enthusiast Hilary Wilson, of Appleby-in-Westmorland. It is an old variety that she noticed and later acquired from a garden in Wass, North Yorkshire, close to Byland Abbey. The owner said her two trees were bought, by the old man who lived there before her, from Helmsley Market. It is an interesting looking long apple of medium size, golden green on one side, with a warm amber red blush on the side in the sun, not striped. The small open eye is set in a very deep basin, slightly puckered. There is a short medium thick stalk, with russet veining at the stalk end. The body is slightly ribbed. The flesh is pleasantly sweet, slightly acidic and tender. It is mainly of culinary use, but it is a pleasant eating apple. The nature of this apple varies quite markedly with the location, climate and the length of storage. If picked too early or sun is lacking, it can be very sharp, but it sweetens up considerably (and quickly) with storage. Cooked, it keeps some shape and is very rich, sweet but perhaps wanting some sugar. By the end of November it is crisp, sweet, rich, slightly acid and a very good eating apple. Mid-late season, storing for a while. *

Pollination Group 5