CORNER COTTAGE An old cooking apple brought to our notice by Mary Lynne Winship of Corner Cottage, Bampton, Oxfordshire. Her cottage is 18th century, or possibly earlier, in the old village, close to the famous church. Her cottage and the next door cottage, probably shared an ancient orchard. The tree has a girth of nearly 6 feet. This old variety is not now identifiable and has been renamed ‘Corner Cottage’. It is a medium to large culinary apple, not that sharp, with crisp, sweet, juicy flesh. It keeps its shape when cooked, with a rich flavour. It comes into use in September but will store for a couple of months, at least. * Pollination Group 3

 

CORNISH AROMATIC A Cornish late dessert apple, believed to be very old although not widely known until 1813, when Sir Christopher Hawkins sent fruit to the London Horticultural Society. The fruit is medium/large and golden yellow striped with red and russet patches. In some years it is very red with many light dots. The flesh is firm, with a sweetly aromatic, spicy flavour. Trees are vigorous and upright spreading, with good crops, and it is said to tolerate a wet climate. Free spur bearing.

Pollination Group 5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CORNISH GILLIFLOWER Known in France as Calville D'Angleterre. It was supposedly found in 1800 in a cottage garden in Truro. The name Gillyflower comes from the French Giroflier, meaning clove-bearing, because the flowers have a clove scent (like the gillyflower or garden pink). Sometimes said to be one of the best dessert apples, the fruit is ribbed and yellow/green, heavily streaked with red. It has a sweet, richly perfumed flavour and crisp yellow flesh. Ready to pick in October, but will store until February. It has been said that the flavour improves with storage, but we find both texture and flavour decline after November.. A moderately vigorous tree, very spreading and part tip bearing, so it is unsuited to growing in restricted forms.

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CORNISH TIGER An old apple tree discovered by Michael Clark, of Tewin Orchard, Hertfordshire, in the ownership of Patience Bagenal, of Hertingfordbury, near Hertford, recently deceased in her eighties.. Her orchard trees were planted in 1915, as part of the WW1 war effort. She retained the original planting plan, which included two important varieties. The first is Cornish Tiger, which still lives and is a name entirely unknown in the historical records. The second is the 'missing' Admiral Duncan, which died several years ago. Cornish Tiger is a medium sized apple, green, turning yellow, with bold red stripes, that is ripe in October and will last until the end of the year. It must be assumed that its origin was in the West Country and it was, perhaps, a cider apple though it is also a good cooking apple and good eating apple when fully ripe.Michael Clark found the tree late in 2012, a year of poor fruiting, but it has now produced good fruit here. It has pretty blossom with dark buds. It is rare these days to come across a named old variety, with a full provenance, that has escaped the records of the ages and we are very grateful to Patience and Michael for their help. *

Pollination Group 4

 

 
             

 

CORRY’S WONDER An Oxfordshire apple bred in 1917 by Mr E. Corry Hanks of Eynsham, from Beauty of Stoke possibly crossed with Lane’s Prince Albert. It was introduced by the Eynsham nursery owned by F.W. and J.F. Wastie. In 1945 it was sent by J.F. Wastie to the National Fruit Trials. A late culinary apple, keeping until February. Large and flat, with indistinct ribs and pale-green skin, yellow flushed and faintly streaked with pale brownish red. The flesh is soft and sweet, with some acidity. It cooks to a purée, with a good blend of flavour, sweetness and sharpness.

Pollination Group 6

 

 

 

 

CORSE HILL Raised before 1884 at Corse Hill farm. Principally for cider, but also used for culinary purposes and as a dessert apple. Round conical, sometimes long, green with a brown red flush. Initially it is sweetish but sharp and bitter. In November, it loses its harshnesss and is sweet with an interesting flavour, and good enough to eat raw. Apples will keep until December.

Pollination Group 6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COTTENHAM SEEDLING A cooking apple from Cottenham in Cambridgeshire, discovered around 1924. In warm summers it develops a rich dessert quality. The trees have very attractive blossom. The large fruit cooks to a bright lemon purée, with a juicy, sharp flavour, making lovely apple sauce. Moderately vigorous trees, which are partially tip bearing. The fruit stores well until March.

Pollination Group 7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
             

 

COTTERED APPLE An interesting old variety brought to us by Sally Kingsley and Colin Bayles, of Cottered, near Buntingford, Hertfordshire. The name was unknown and simply called the Cottered Apple by us. In the garden of their old house, were two ancient apples, this one and the Keeling Apple, added to this catalogue below. The Cottered Apple has an unusual oval-conical shape and a pretty mixture of colours and blooming on the skin. It has a distinctive open eye with very long reflexed sepals. The flavour is tangy, sweet and complex, while the flesh is yielding and juicy. The fruit is usually ripe just after St Swithin’s Day – the 15th July. The fruit does not last beyond early October. *

Pollination Group 4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COUL BLUSH Raised by Sir George Mackenzie, Bart. of Coul, Ross-shire and first fruiting in 1827. The early descriptions, of Lindley and Hogg, in the 19th century are at slight variance with the apple now known. The apple now known has very pale flesh, the growth spreading and the season somewhat earlier than ‘very late’. It was supposed to be a culinary apple, but is now a good dual purpose apple. We might speculate that early descriptions were based on fruit growing in Scotland. There is more in common than sets them apart and we think the Coul Blush at the National Collection and that with us, is the Bona Fide one. It is a good dessert apple, ripe in late September and crisp, juicy, sweet enough, mildly acid and refreshing, but with only a moderate flavour. If stored for a short while, it loses its eating qualities but becomes a very good cooking apple, going to a purée and reviving its sweetness and tang, while developing a rich flavour. The apples will keep until February, with care. It would be interesting to hear any reports of its nature when grown in Scotland. Medium sized, rounded to slightly square, with obscure ribs, skin pale yellow with warm patches and thin scarlet streaks in the sun. The National Collection’s accession has been tested and found to be triploid. Our tree came from another source but should also be assumed triploid.

Pollination Group 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COURT OF WICK Said to have arisen at the Court of Wick, at Yatton in Somerset, but it probably existed much earlier and it is also called Wood's Huntingdon, because it was reputedly introduced in 1790 by Wood of Huntingdon. A late season dessert apple, crisp, with rich, sweet, yellow flesh. The ripe apples have a complex flavour. The skin is splashed red, with gold russeting. It prefers a sunny site for the fruit to develop a full flavour and apples can sometimes be small. Ripe in October, it stores until December. The trees are very hardy and are said to withstand cold wind.

Pollination Group 5